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THE WHO

Proto-Prog • United Kingdom


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The Who picture
The Who biography
Formed in 1964, Hammersmith, London, UK - Split in 1982 (occasionally re-formed for live appearances)
Resumed regular touring in 1999 and recorded a new album in 2006.

One of the greatest of all rock and roll bands and one of the most influential of all time, The Who formed in 1964, when drummer Keith Moon left the Beachcombers and joined The Detours, who included singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist Pete Townshend, and bassist John Entwistle. The Who arrived on the scene at a crossroads in the English music scene: The Beatles were still king but were beginning to turn from the bubble gum pop of previous albums, the Merseybeat boom was fading and London was becoming the center of English music. A residency at London's famed Marquis club gave them a stage to make their impression: above all, The Who were a live band that had to be seen as well as heard. There first hit, "I Can't Explain", led to regular TV appearances and a tour with The Beatles. It also got them signed to Decca Records, where they recorded their first album, "My Generation". The album was a hit in England, reaching #5 on the charts, while the title track became an anthem of sorts for the times and still perhaps their best known song.

The Who were very original in that their arrangements were far from the normal in rock those days. Pete was more of a rhythm player who had Keith and John playing around him instead of
merely holding a beat, an influence acknowledged by the way Prog rock turned conventional rock idioms on their ear with regards to arrangement and traditional roles of the instruments. Keith's drumming was described as 'lead' drumming and John was having bass solos as early as 1965 in rock music.

Success out of the gate gave the group some measure of creative control on their next album which they lacked on the first. Pete and manager Kit Lambert had been talking about extended themes and ideas in rock and roll for some time. When The Who went into the studio for their second album in 1966 each group member was to contribute songs to help generate more revenue in royalties for the group, the group having a rather high overhead in terms of destroyed guitars and drum kits. When the others were not able to meet their quota of songs for the new album, Pete and Kit stepped in to fill the album out, and came up with what would be one of the trademarks of prog music in the future, the extended song cycle "A Quick One", which would be the title of the new...
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Woodstock Festival 1969Woodstock Festival 1969
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THE WHO discography


Ordered by release date | Showing ratings (top albums) | Help Progarchives.com to complete the discography and add albums

THE WHO top albums (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

2.95 | 170 ratings
My Generation
1965
2.94 | 157 ratings
A Quick One
1966
3.54 | 232 ratings
The Who Sell Out
1967
3.97 | 546 ratings
Tommy
1969
4.42 | 567 ratings
Who's Next
1971
4.50 | 576 ratings
Quadrophenia
1973
3.52 | 195 ratings
By Numbers
1975
3.31 | 202 ratings
Who Are You
1978
2.49 | 115 ratings
Face Dances
1981
2.59 | 107 ratings
It's Hard
1982
2.88 | 83 ratings
Endless Wire
2006

THE WHO Live Albums (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

4.02 | 151 ratings
Live At Leeds
1970
4.04 | 43 ratings
The Kids Are Alright (Original Soundtrack of the Film)
1979
2.69 | 23 ratings
Whoīs Last
1984
3.21 | 14 ratings
Join Together
1990
3.50 | 4 ratings
The Who Live (Golden Age serie)
1993
3.33 | 33 ratings
Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970
1996
2.94 | 28 ratings
BBC Sessions
2000
3.95 | 21 ratings
Live At The Royal Albert Hall
2003
3.83 | 6 ratings
Greatest Hits Live
2010
3.94 | 13 ratings
Live At Hull
2012

THE WHO Videos (DVD, Blu-ray, VHS etc)

3.85 | 29 ratings
The Kids are Alright
1979
3.60 | 10 ratings
Who's Better, Who's Best
1988
3.56 | 17 ratings
Live at the Isle of Wight Festival
1998
3.94 | 12 ratings
Who's Next - Classic Albums
1999
3.88 | 15 ratings
Live at the Royal Albert Hall
2000
2.86 | 7 ratings
Live & Alive
2003
2.71 | 7 ratings
The Vegas Job
2006
3.11 | 16 ratings
Amazing Journey
2007
3.73 | 14 ratings
The Who at Kilburn: 1977
2008
3.48 | 14 ratings
Maximum R&B Live
2009
3.88 | 8 ratings
Live in Texas '75
2012
3.17 | 10 ratings
Quadrophenia: Live in London
2014
3.83 | 5 ratings
Live in Hyde Park
2015
4.00 | 1 ratings
Tommy: Live at the Royal Albert Hall
2017

THE WHO Boxset & Compilations (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

2.25 | 15 ratings
Magic Bus: The Who on Tour
1968
3.33 | 29 ratings
Meaty, Beaty, Big and Bouncy
1971
3.75 | 35 ratings
Odds & Sods
1974
3.33 | 6 ratings
Who's Missing
1985
4.07 | 11 ratings
Thirty Years Of Maximum R&B
1994
3.80 | 25 ratings
My Generation - The Very Best of The Who
1996
2.26 | 4 ratings
The Who (budget compilation)
1997
4.04 | 28 ratings
The Ultimate Collection
2002
3.27 | 15 ratings
Then and Now
2004
1.85 | 10 ratings
Greatest Hits
2009
5.00 | 5 ratings
Live At Leeds 40th Anniversary Super-Deluxe Collectors' Edition
2010
4.83 | 6 ratings
Quadrophenia - The Director's Cut (Super Deluxe Limited Edition)
2011
3.50 | 4 ratings
The Who Hits 50!
2014

THE WHO Official Singles, EPs, Fan Club & Promo (CD, EP/LP, MC, Digital Media Download)

2.73 | 10 ratings
I'm a Boy
1966
2.76 | 9 ratings
Happy Jack
1966
3.75 | 4 ratings
Summertime Blues
1970
3.05 | 6 ratings
Let's See Action / When I Was A Boy
1971
4.00 | 1 ratings
Relay
1972
4.13 | 8 ratings
5.15
1973
0.00 | 0 ratings
Substitute
1976
3.00 | 1 ratings
Athena
1982
0.00 | 0 ratings
Ready Steady Who
1983
3.05 | 3 ratings
Thirty Years Of Maximum R&B sampler
1994

THE WHO Reviews


Showing last 10 reviews only
 Quadrophenia by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1973
4.50 | 576 ratings

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Quadrophenia
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by mariorockprog

5 stars 4.75: A masterpiece by Who, it is the history of young man that is looking by his real identity, and rely in some persons and ideals that ultimately disappoint him. Lyrically it is excellent, it maintain you entertained, and although the lyrics are not so deep, it has a coherent history, but mainly the way it is sung is amazing, they demonstrate that sometimes the way of singing and telling the history is more important that the history itself. The constant changes of tones in voices and the way they are interchanged impress me. Musically is very well supported with good solos, riffs and keyboard passages, without exaggerating in its presence, however, i feel it lacks something, it would be perfect if the music were as good as the lyrics and the vocalist interpretation, more elaborated and innovative. A really good album by the who that has a lot of prog elements that any prog listener will find interesting.
 Who's Next by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1971
4.42 | 567 ratings

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Who's Next
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by TCat
Collaborator Eclectic Team

5 stars Warning: This review might upset some people.

Honestly, I wasn't going to review this album, because 1) it's been done so many times before, 2) most everybody already knows this album, and 3) I'm not a huge The Who fan. I definitely think Pete Townsend is amazing, but I can't stand Roger Daltry's singing or personality. I know that's a sad reason to not like a band, but at least I recognize the fact that this album, along with it's predecessor "Tommy", and the follow-up "Quadrophenia" are all essential albums, and I do love all three of them. But I can't stomach the rest of the albums.

Anyway, "Who's Next" is the second masterpiece in the trifecta of The Who's masterpiece albums. The other two are rock operas. The fact is, that this one was originally supposed to be a rock opera also called "Lifehouse", and most of the songs on this album are remnants of that project. The band was convinced by Kit Lambert, their manager, to release this as a regular album because the project was too complex. What we are left with are some amazing songs.

Even Roger's vocals and personality work for these songs (and for these three albums for that matter). But he does overemphasize his input to this band, Pete Townsend is really the creative force behind the band, but he was usually overshadowed by Daltry's personality. Thank goodness it all worked out for this album. I am sorry if I have offended anyone by my opinion about the band, but it is something I have always felt strongly about in reference to the band. Yes I know I have loved other bands even with when they have personnel in the band with overactive personalities, but Daltry has always rubbed me the wrong way.

Nevertheless, this album and "Quadrophenia" are both perfect albums meriting 6 stars in my own rating system, where 6 equals perfection. "Tommy" comes close to that, but doesn't quite reach the pinnacle, but I still consider it an excellent album. All the rest of their albums can only reach a maximum of 3 stars. I know this review didn't say much about the specific album, but if you haven't heard this album, then you shouldn't be reading about it anyway, you should be listening to it because you have some catching up to do. 5 stars.....Essential masterpiece.

 The Who Sell Out by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1967
3.54 | 232 ratings

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The Who Sell Out
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by Mortte

5 stars Plenty of reviews written about this, I donīt think I can say anything new about it, but because I found the last review of it a bit poor, I think I should say something about it. I think the last review is a part of that trend in 2000`s to try to prove sixties music wasnīt as great as it was. I know there are many people, who think 2000`s music is as great as sixties and or/seventies, or maybe even better. I am not saying all the 2000 music is [&*!#], there are still great musicmakers, but in 60-70 specially major record companies hadnīt made their artists that kind of money making products as today. Of course money making has always been their priority, but the artists freedom to make music was much more bigger then, record companies gave them many chances to try to make selling albums before they throw them away than today. And I think that was one reason to the great music of 60-70, not the only.

About this masterpiece, I have listened Who now thirteen years and over a decade this has been the greatest Who album to me. Of course I really love also Tommy, Whoīs Next and Quadrophenia, but I have also always loved the energy of first Who albums. This album has both: energy of first Who albums, but also the more progressive music from the later albums. Only true sixties pop songs in this album are "Our Love Was" and "Canīt Reach You". I find the first side of the album as great as the second. "Odorono" and "Tattoo" are really spiritual, the latter is also very acoustic with great symbal playing from Moon. The side one ending piece "I can see for miles" is the greatest Who single to me, it has that great Who-energy and starting "Armenia City In the sky" too. "Silas Stingy" and "Sunrise" in the b-side are also very spiritual songs. The endind "Rael" is a crown of this album! Towshend used part of this song later in Tommy, as he did also some other earlier songs released later in Odds and Sodds, but I have found this version the best. Rael was also Towshendīs will to do larger entities just like "A Quick One, While Heīs Away" was a year later, but I think it was better although it was only almost six minutes long. There was part 2 of "Rael" that ended only into first album version credits, it was released later in the "Thirty Years of Maxium R`n`B".

About commercialism in music, even the Who had pressures of selling records that time. Their singles werenīt selling much in 1967 and although the Who Sell Out is masterpiece, it didnīt sell well. But what band of today decides to make an rockopera after commercial failings? The Who took a big risk into it, but it was worth of it. Tommy become one of their biggest artistic and commercial success. 1967 was the begin year of concept albums. I think the Who sell out was one of the most genius concept albums of that year. To built up album round the pirate radio channel Radio London was very original and rebellious idea and it still works well.

This is really not prog album, specially if you think prog is the same as Genesis and Yes seventies albums. I listen a lot progmusic, but to me any music genre is not better than the other. To me this Who album is one of the ten best all time albums. Itīs just because itīs genius sad melodies also itīs brilliant idea of concept album. Really have always loved the cover of it. I recommend people who donīt like sixties music generally, doesnīt listen it and really doesnīt write reviews about it. Although Whoīs best years are over, they continue to play their great music. I was really happy about their latest great live version of Tommy. "Endless Wire" from 2006 was also really great new album, to me itīs better than "Who by Numbers" or "Who are You". So I am not sad although most of the new music just bores me. Although I have now listened music forty years, I still found great albums from sixties and seventies that Iīve never heard.

 The Who Sell Out by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1967
3.54 | 232 ratings

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The Who Sell Out
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by Prog Leviathan
Prog Reviewer

3 stars This jaunty, sarcastic, sometimes cynical, sometimes brilliant, sometimes tedious release by the Who reminds me that many legendary rock bands sound nothing like what we hear today on classic rock FM. For example, who would guess that the band that blasts out "Who Are You" and "Won't Get Fooled Again" would find rave reviews with this dithering collection of tongue-in-cheek songs? Listeners born after 1975 beware: The Who Sell Out is probably not what you think it is.

So what is it? It's a mostly goofy art-pop album that sounds very '60's and very British. Is it bad? No, it's just ... The Who Sell Out. Be prepared for a handful of genuinely fun pop tunes like "Our Love", a few moments of Who-style heaviness, and songs that will probably make you shrug your shoulders with ambivalence. I found the second side of the album more musically engaging.

The album's best moments are the faux-commercials, which are legitimately brilliant at times. Commendable cynicism-- something I can't imagine a massive pop-star of today coming close to including in their work. Frankly, this is what elevates the song for 3-star status to me. Maybe some of the B-sides will reveal themselves to me in the future, but for now, I think that this music will probably hook some listeners much more than others.

Songwriting: 2 - Instrumental Performances: 3 - Lyrics/Vocals: 2 - Style/Emotion/Replay: 3

 My Generation by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1965
2.95 | 170 ratings

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My Generation
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by BigDaddyAEL1964

3 stars That debut album by the Who was just another Britpop - rock album... kinda.

Listening carefully, you can see the signs if their lyrical intelligence and their compositional skills. Paying tribute to their influences was an essential back then (with James Brown's "Please Please Please" and the classic Bo Diddley's "I'm A Man"), but the y struck gold with their on hit single too, "My Generation", on of the most well known songs of the 60s.

Absolutely no prog here yet, but an album worth owning for historical as well as musical reasons.

3 stars by me, for a significant effort that helped built a storied career.

 The Who Sell Out by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1967
3.54 | 232 ratings

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The Who Sell Out
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by DamoXt7942
Forum & Site Admin Group Avant/Cross/Neo/Post Teams

3 stars Another impact like a musical collision in 1967. This greatly sensational concept album released in the same year as The Beatles' "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" is quite impressive and addictive through kinda fictitious radio show with some fictitious advertisements. As a concept album, this one could be felt "so-called theatrical" sorry, but their incredible intention to follow The Beach Boys' "Pet Sounds" should be enough understandable. Each track was positively and acceptably composed and produced (and appropriate for the pop chart!), although entangled musical / melodic phrases or cynical footprints are here and there ... maybe Pete's unique and hilarious idea was breathed into this creation.

Above mentioned, every "leading" song between jingles is pretty pop and catchy flooded with light rhythm bases and mid-60s psychedelic keyboard-based ornaments. We can say it could not connote "so-called progressive" essence in itself. An important point is that quirky jingles like an old-fashioned Radio London programme or fantastic advertisements like "Heinz Baked Beans" or "Odorono" are very innovative and play the momentous role to consolidate a radio fantasia together all around the album. Easily guess they had created and produced this funny radio programme guide with laughing out loudly, and composition with serious appearance. Yes they made sure to "sell out" the concept (in a sense) album, we can mention here after listening to "Sell Out".

Anyway let me emphasize this funky sleeve pics completely explain the content in this funky sleeve. Enjoy the inside and outside.

 Live At Leeds by WHO, THE album cover Live, 1970
4.02 | 151 ratings

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Live At Leeds
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by Guillermo
Prog Reviewer

3 stars This review is about the original LP release from 1970.

"The greatest live album of all time". Well. In my opinion, it isn't. I expected great things from this album after I read that it was considered by many people as a great live album. Maybe if I have listened to this album when I was a 13-15 year old teenager maybe I could consider this album as "the greatest live album of all time". But now...

Anyway, it is an energetic live album, with "raw" and spontaneus performances by a young band. But even with all these things being considered, I still think that there are better performances of some of these songs in other live albums. For example: the live version of "Young Man Blues" which was released in "The Kids Are Alright" soundtrack album in 1979 is better than the live version which was included in "Live at Leeds". The live version of "Summertime Blues" which was included in the "Woodstock" film is also better than the live version which was included in "Live at Leeds".

"My Generation" in "Live at Leeds" is a long version which also has a lot of improvisation from the band, also including some parts from other songs like "See Me, Feel Me" and "Sparks" from the "Tommy" Rock Opera. It is too long (15 minutes in duration) and it is not very interesting for me. The song "Magic Bus" has never been one of my favorite songs from the band, and this live version is not so good.

Anyway, "Live at Leeds" includes very energetic performances from the band, which are good but not better than other live recordings from the band, with Keith Moon's "hyperactive" drums playing, Pete Townshend's heavy guitar playing, John Entwistle's "thunderfingers" bass playing, and Roger Daltrey's very good lead vocals. But the original "Live at Leeds" album from 1970 also showed some mistakes in their playing and singing. Maybe due to this, it could be considered as an "honest" and "raw" live recording from this band, with the later expanded editions from this album being released with "corrections" done in the recording studio. So, the original LP release of "Live at Leeds" has it merits due to the more spontaneous playing and singing. Also, the cover design was a very good idea, with it being like a parody from a bootleg LP.

Good but not- essential, at least for me.

 Tommy by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1969
3.97 | 546 ratings

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Tommy
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by Prog Leviathan
Prog Reviewer

3 stars As someone who is familiar with the Who from hearing their handful of hits on classic rock FM, it's a nice surprise to find Tommy, a thoughtfully composed and well played concept album. There's a lot to like here, and I think the reviews here on the Archives speak the truth in that one's enjoyment of this album will depend on taste and biography. For me, Tommy is a mixed experience.

It's at its most enjoyable when the band is playing ambitiously, such as on songs like "Overture," "Underture." These songs have dynamic energy and very skilled delivery. The band sounds great, and it's fun to hear music from the most classic or classic rock era so skillfully played; it's a vintage sound that stands the test of time. For me this is light-years more enjoyable than anything the Beatles ever put out.

I suppose it's not a coincidence for me that my favorite songs are both instrumentals, because I found the story, lyrics, and vocal inflection bland. This is definitely a "rock-opera" album, which is a euphemism for "musical with electric guitars." I do not like musicals, and the amount of storytelling that the Who crams into this album is cumbersome and distracting. The best concept albums allow their concept to drift in and out of the abstract, so that the listener can chose to be all in to the story, or enjoy songs individually without loosing much. You can't do that with Tommy, because every song is narrative.

The rave reviews of this album often have phrases like, "when I first heard this," or, "I remember when," which points strongly towards the high marks on this album coming from nostalgia. I don't have a problem with nostalgia, because it colors much of what we like and dislike, but because I am nostalgia-less when it comes to the Who, my experience listening to Tommy was one that grabbed hold of the great moments, and was left waiting during the downtime. The flow and momentum is too weird to be a straight ahead rock album, but not so well composed to be a true prog-rock album.

An album with that many highs and lows is worth a rock-solid 3 stars. Check it out if you like the Who's "greatest hits," or if you're interested in the development of the prog-rock movement.

Songwriting: 3 - Instrumental Performances: 4 - Lyrics/Vocals: 2 - Style/Emotion/Replay: 3

 Live in Hyde Park by WHO, THE album cover DVD/Video, 2015
3.83 | 5 ratings

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Live in Hyde Park
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by rdtprog
Special Collaborator Heavy / RPI / Symphonic Prog Team

4 stars This is the last show of their 50th anniversary tour in London's Hyde Park. The show start in the daylight atmosphere being a outdoor venue. It's still amazing to see Pete Townsend playing with this energy level after many years. And listening to him in this show, the band bring back the question each tour about being the possible last tour of the band, and they keep touring. The set list here is almost perfect with some of their classics, only the song "Join Together" didn't connect with me, but the pacing of all the songs is well done. I rediscovered how good were the songs "Amazing Journey" and "Sparks" that was done in a medley. The ending is the epic and great song "Wont Get Fooled Again" with all the atmosphere of the keyboards parts that was created by Pete Townsend. Roger Daltrey is still young enough to deliver a decent performance that could go along with those younger musicians behind him. I also find quiet enjoyable those short stories that share different artists between some songs explaining the influence of the Who in their life. The show in High Definition is nice to watch and the big screen in the back has plenty of beautiful projections throughout the show.
 Quadrophenia by WHO, THE album cover Studio Album, 1973
4.50 | 576 ratings

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Quadrophenia
The Who Proto-Prog

Review by Quinino
Special Collaborator Errors & Omissions Team

5 stars My ALL-TIME Greatest #11

Pete Townshend is a Genius, this album is a Giant Masterpiece and the Mighty Who rule(d)

Global Appraisal

You want to know when I do get the maximum pleasure a human being can receive exclusively from music? Being alone at home, pushing the volume on the stereo and going to shower while listening and singing (shouting, in fact) full breath along Roger Daltrey. Over Quadrophenia, no other else!

It never fails to uplift and put me in a sunny mood, that's the reason I always remained a faithful worshiper going from vinyl (religiously kept, oh yeah) to tape and finally to cd immediately after it was released back in '84. What a glorious-happy-energetic-music.

Goodies

First the composition, all by PT, is top notch and as exciting today as it was then.
The vocals, of course, no one can refute RD is one of the best in his trade.
I get the feeling the bassists tend to be wrongly undervalued about their contribution and in the Who that would be a terrible huge mistake - John Entwistle is surely a pillar for the foundations of the band's sound and if you try, as I sometimes do, to follow the songs focusing on his playing, you'll be amazed.

Thanks to micky for the artist addition. and to Quinino for the last updates

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