Header

INNER SECRETS

Santana

Jazz Rock/Fusion


From Progarchives.com, the ultimate progressive rock music website

Santana Inner Secrets album cover
2.37 | 63 ratings | 4 reviews | 2% 5 stars

Collectors/fans only


Write a review
Buy SANTANA Music
from Progarchives.com partners
Studio Album, released in 1978

Songs / Tracks Listing

1. Dealer/ Spanish Rose (5:51)
2. Move On (4:26)
3. One Chain (Don't Make No Prison) (7:13)
4. Stormy (4:46)
5. Well All Right (4:11)
6. Open Invitation (4:47)
7. Life Is A Lady/ Holiday (3:48)
8. The Facts of Love (5:32)
9. Wham! (3:28)

Lyrics

Search SANTANA Inner Secrets lyrics

Music tabs (tablatures)

Search SANTANA Inner Secrets tabs

Line-up / Musicians

- Carlos Santana / guitars, vocals
- Chris Rhyne / Keyboards
- Greg Walker / Vocals
- David Margen / Bass
- Armando Peraza / Congas, Bongos
- Graham Lear / Drums
- Chris Solberg / guitar, organ
- Raul Rekow / congas, perc
- Pete Escovedo / Timbales, perc

Releases information

LP NULL FC 35600 (Jan, 1978)
CD NULL CK 35600
CD NULL 25AP 1140

Thanks to Sean Trane for the addition
and to Joolz for the last updates
Edit this entry

SANTANA MP3, Free Download (music stream)


Open extended player in a new pop-up window | Random Playlist (50) | How to submit new MP3s

Buy SANTANA Inner Secrets Music


Inner SecretsInner Secrets
SBME SPECIAL MKTS. 1985
Audio CD$2.96
$4.00 (used)
Inner Secrets - Santana LPInner Secrets - Santana LP
CBS
Vinyl$4.75 (used)
inner secrets LPinner secrets LP
COLUMBIA
Vinyl$11.50 (used)
Santana - Inner Secrets - 1978 - Columbia Records - FC 35600 Stereo - AL 35600Santana - Inner Secrets - 1978 - Columbia Records - FC 35600 Stereo - AL 35600
Columbia Records
Vinyl$3.33 (used)
Santana - Inner Secrets - CBS - CBS 86075, CBS - 86075, CBS - FC 35600Santana - Inner Secrets - CBS - CBS 86075, CBS - 86075, CBS - FC 35600
CBS
Vinyl$13.51 (used)
SANTANA Inner Secrets cassetteSANTANA Inner Secrets cassette
Columbia
Audio Cassette$8.99 (used)
Right Now on Ebay (logo)
Santana - Inner Secrets - CBS Records Vinyl LP CBS 86075 VG+/VG USD $4.60 Buy It Now 1h 59m
CARLOS SANTANA LP Inner Secrets 1978 Columbia USD $5.00 Buy It Now 3h 6m
SANTANA INNER SECRETS 1978 A2 B2 Press UK LP TIME CAPSULE COPY USD $16.91 [0 bids]
3h 9m
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS (FC35600) VG+/VG++ cond. awsome Santana album, nice! USD $3.00 Buy It Now 10h 34m
Santana Inner Secrets 12" LP USD $1.50 [0 bids]
14h 12m
SANTANA INNER SECRETS 1978 CBS A2 B1 DEALER/SPANISH ROSE/STORMY VINYL LP USD $13.53 Buy It Now 17h 49m
1978 CLASSIC ROCK Santana Inner Secrets Vintage Vinyl FUNKY POP LP USD $2.49 Buy It Now 1 day
Carlos Santana - Inner Secrets - Original 1978 Columbia Records Release! USD $7.99 Buy It Now 1 day
SANTANA Japan 1978 NM LP+Obi INNER SECRETS 25AP-1140 USD $25.99 Buy It Now 1 day
SANTANA INNER SECRETS VINYL LP RECORD USD $8.50 Buy It Now 1 day
SANTANA Rare Vinyl Lp INNER SECRETS Columbia Original 1978 VG++ BEAUTY! USD $11.95 Buy It Now 1 day
Santana - Inner Secrets CD USD $10.29 Buy It Now 1 day
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP CBS EX/EX USD $6.53 Buy It Now 1 day
Santana - Inner Secrets - Audio Cassette USD $4.53 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA-INNER SECRETS LP 1978 RARE GREEK PRESS CBS RECORDS / ROCK USD $3.82 [0 bids]
2 days
UK CBS LP Santana Inner Secrets MINT- USD $12.28 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA - Inner Secrets 1978 LP - N/Mint vinyl - Well all right USD $7.82 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA: Inner Secrets USA COLUMBIA vinyl lp NM- CLEAN! USD $14.00 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS - COLUMBIA RECORDS LP USD $6.50 Buy It Now 2 days
"Classic Rock" "Santana" "Inner Secrets" "Rare LP" USD $8.00 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA- INNER SECRETS VINYL ALBUM USD $4.60 Buy It Now 2 days
SANTANA inner secrets 86075 A2/B1 early press uk cbs 1978 with insert LP PS EX/E USD $15.36 Buy It Now 3 days
Carlos Santana - Inner Secrets - Original 1978 Columbia Release! *Vinyl in EX!* USD $7.99 Buy It Now 3 days
Santana Inner Secrets Promo USD $30.00 Buy It Now 3 days
Santana "Inner secrets" Dealer/Spanish rose" LP VG+ CBS/CLS5625 USD $2.38 Buy It Now 3 days
Santana - Inner Secrets - CBS Records Vinyl LP CBS 86075 VG+/VG USD $6.13 [0 bids]
3 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP Vinyl Record Album 33rpm Canadian Columbia 1978 EX 1st USD $13.82 Buy It Now 3 days
Santana "Inner Secrets" LP USD $4.95 Buy It Now 3 days
4 SANTANA lps Moonflower Inner Secrets Marathon Amigos ALL CBS SPAIN NEAR MINT USD $9.99 [1 bids]
3 days
Inner Secrets by Santana (CD, Feb-2008, Sony BMG) USD $8.95 Buy It Now 4 days
Santana-Santana Inner Secrets-Santana Abraxas-LP Columbia Original 1978-3-Albums USD $30.00 [0 bids]
USD $40.00 Buy It Now
4 days
Santana - Inner Secrets LP Shrink NM/VG++ s USD $14.99 Buy It Now 4 days
Santana Inner Secrets Carlos 8 TRACK Tape rock w/ box vintage music cassette USD $11.00 Buy It Now 4 days
SANTANA - "Inner Secrets" LP 1978 1st US WL PROMO w/INNER ORIG (Columbia) No UPC USD $25.00 Buy It Now 4 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS (FC35600) VG+/VG++ cond. awsome album, great Santana! USD $1.99 [0 bids]
4 days
SANTANA-INNER SECRETS-CD NEW USD $9.49 Buy It Now 4 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP 9 Track With Inner PORTUGUESE Cbs 1978 USD $8.05 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP ORIGINAL US press USD $6.99 Buy It Now 5 days
Santana Inner Secrets Columbia, 1973, Original Sleeve USD $12.00 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA "INNER SECRET" RARE LP RECORD USD $15.66 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP 9 Track UK Cbs 1978 USD $12.91 Buy It Now 5 days
Santana Inner Secrets LP (1978) CBS 86075 VG/EX USD $4.60 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets COLUMBIA VG++/NM- USD $7.98 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA - Inner Secrets / Album Cassette Tape / CBS Records / 694 USD $4.60 Buy It Now 5 days
Santana - 4 Japan CD Mini LP Albums (Shango, Zebop, Marathon, Inner Secrets) USD $100.00 [0 bids]
5 days
SANTANA "INNER SECRETS" LP VINYL ORIGINAL USD $9.99 Buy It Now 5 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP 9 Track With Insert Matrix A2/b1 UK Cbs 1978 USD $8.05 Buy It Now 5 days
Santana Inner Secrets Vinyl LP + Insert A2 B2 Pressing - EX USD $7.82 Buy It Now 6 days
SANTANA: Inner Secrets LP (original FC prefix, inner sleeve) Rock USD $12.00 Buy It Now 6 days
Santana: Inner Secrets LP NM Canada Columbia FC 35600 O USD $5.99 Buy It Now 6 days
Inner Secrets by Santana (CD, Feb-2008, Sony BMG) USD $3.01 Buy It Now 6 days
SANTANA "INNER SECRETS" VINYL LP ORIGINAL 1978 COLUMBIA RECORDS FC 35600, STEREO USD $12.99 [0 bids]
6 days
SANTANA - Inner Secrets - CBS / SONY 25AP 1140 - JAPAN w/ OBI LP USD $16.96 Buy It Now 6 days
Santana;"INNER SECRETS"LP,MINT;1978;UK; COVER EX; USD $18.45 Buy It Now 6 days
Santana - Inner Secrets (180g) (2014) - New - Long Play Record USD $25.00 Buy It Now 6 days
Santana Inner Secrets 8 Track Tape TESTED USD $5.00 Buy It Now 7 days
Santana-inner secrets-lp-columbia-5600 USD $2.99 Buy It Now 7 days
SANTANA - Inner Secrets - LP Vinyl 1978 Columbia FC-35600 promo O-5 USD $8.00 Buy It Now 7 days
Santana Original Album Classics 5 CD new Inner Secrets Marathon Zebop! Shango USD $22.49 Buy It Now 7 days
Santana Inner Secrets LP (1291) USD $4.00 Buy It Now 7 days
Inner Secrets-Santana LP USD $12.22 Buy It Now 7 days
SANTANA ~ Inner secrets,UK LP,CBS records 1978 USD $9.98 Buy It Now 7 days
SANTANA-INNER SECRETS/AMIGOS-COLUMBIA 5049422000 AUSTRALIA NEW SEALED 2CD USD $14.98 Buy It Now 8 days
SANTANA INNER SECRETS '78 FC 35600 HYPE STICKER PIC SLEEVE SHRINK LP NM USD $9.99 Buy It Now 8 days
SANTANA inner secrets LP VG+ FC 35600 Vinyl 1978 Record USD $15.00 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets, vinyl LP, 1978, VG+ USD $4.99 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA ( INNER SECRETS ) Almost Near Mint Promo 1978 USD $12.00 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA INNER SECRETS CD JAPAN SICP-2875 NEW USD $42.00 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets CBS COMPLETE LP EX USD $12.30 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA - Inner Secrets - gatefold 180 gram vinyl LP USD $56.01 Buy It Now 9 days
SANTANA INNER SECRETS JAPAN USD $24.99 Buy It Now 9 days
1978-SANTANA-INNER SECRETS- 8 TRACK- CHEAP!!!!!!!!!! USD $4.88 Buy It Now 10 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets VERY 1ST PROMO LP PRESSING Columbia FC35600 '78 EXLNT PLUS USD $7.95 Buy It Now 10 days
Santana, Inner Secrets Audio CD USD $7.49 Buy It Now 10 days
Santana Inner Secrets Lp Orig 1978 us vinyl PC 35600 (Columbia) *shrink* VG++/Ex USD $7.50 Buy It Now 10 days
ROCK/ Santana - Inner Secrets (LP) USD $9.99 Buy It Now 10 days
SANTANA**INNER SECRETS (GATEFOLD)**VINYL USD $30.95 Buy It Now 11 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS [REMASTER] - NEW CD USD $6.53 Buy It Now 11 days
34 CARLOS SANTANA, INNER SECRETS Album Full Page Advert 12X10" USD $18.45 Buy It Now 11 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS (RARE 747 SAUDI TAPE/CASSETTE ALBUM) USD $3.06 Buy It Now 11 days
Santana INNER SECRETS vinyl LP with insert CBS 1978 USD $9.21 Buy It Now 11 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS [SANTANA] [886972482323] - NEW CD USD $5.94 Buy It Now 12 days
SANTANA LP- INNER SECRETS - W/"WELL ALL RIGHT", "STORMY", "DEALER" FREE DOM. S USD $5.95 Buy It Now 12 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets, original vinyl LP w/inner, 1978, VG+/EX, shrink! USD $5.99 Buy It Now 12 days
SANTANA LP INNER SECRETS NM COLUMBIA NO BARCODE 1978 FC-35600 USD $25.00 Buy It Now 12 days
Santana ?- Inner Secrets LP USD $5.63 Buy It Now 12 days
Santana Inner Secrets (4477) CBS (1978) CBS 86075 - 12" LP VG(+)/VG(+) USD $10.44 Buy It Now 12 days
Santana - Inner Secrets LP USD $9.61 Buy It Now 12 days
Santana Inner Secrets, Vinyl LP USD $5.49 Buy It Now 12 days
SANTANA - INNER SECRETS (180GM) NEW VINYL USD $36.89 Buy It Now 13 days
SANTANA INNER SECRETS ORIGINAL LP Still In Shrink Wrap USD $99.00 Buy It Now 13 days
Santana ?- Inner Secrets LP, NO COVER USD $3.52 Buy It Now 13 days
SANTANA, INNER SECRETS LP EX Vinyl with original sleeve Columbia FC 35600 USD $3.99 Buy It Now 14 days
1978 Rock Lp ~ SANTANA ~ Inner Secrets ~ Columbia FC-35600 ~ Inner Pic Sleeve USD $8.50 Buy It Now 14 days
Santana Inner Secrets Columbia 35600 USD $4.92 Buy It Now 14 days
SANTANA Inner Secrets LP 1st pressing. Lovely copy ! USD $15.37 Buy It Now 14 days
SANTANA "INNER SECRETS" FC 35600 (1978) 12" LP CARLOS PSYCHEDELIC ACID ROCK USD $3.97 Buy It Now 14 days
Santana "Inner Secrets" LP From Publishing Co Vault Unopened Box CBS 35600 NM USD $3.99 Buy It Now 14 days
SANTANA: Inner Secrets (LP, 1978) Very Good+ USD $5.50 Buy It Now 14 days
Santana "Inner Secrets" 1978 X8M 139378 2LP 12" Vinyl Record RS10 USD $18.00 Buy It Now 15 days
LP abraxas
SANTANA
~ USD $20.25
LP caravanserai
SANTANA
~ USD $20.25
LP moonflower
SANTANA
~ USD $23.92
CD mother earth
SANTANA
~ USD $9.03
CD rynearson stadium 1975
SANTANA
~ USD $7.78
LP santana
SANTANA
~ USD $19.47
LP shape shifter
SANTANA
~ USD $23.25


More places to buy SANTANA music online Buy SANTANA & Prog Rock Digital Music online:
  • AmazonMP3: Search for SANTANA DRM-Free MP3 Downloads @ AmazonMP3 (USA Only) | AmazonMP3 (UK Only)

SANTANA Inner Secrets ratings distribution


2.37
(63 ratings)
Essential: a masterpiece of progressive rock music(2%)
2%
Excellent addition to any prog rock music collection(14%)
14%
Good, but non-essential (56%)
56%
Collectors/fans only (22%)
22%
Poor. Only for completionists (6%)
6%

SANTANA Inner Secrets reviews


Showing all collaborators reviews and last reviews preview | Show all reviews/ratings

Collaborators/Experts Reviews

Review by Sean Trane
SPECIAL COLLABORATOR Prog Folk
3 stars 3.5 stars really!!!

As the decade is drawing near, Santana was moving more out of his pure jazz-rock era, probably realizing the style was starting to exhaust its possibilities. The album does veer a slight bit towards the funky (and even a bit disco) with a typoical Spencer Davis touch with Greg Walker's Winwood-styled vocals.

While the album starts out surprisingly on a Traffic cover of Dealer (good but not as good as the original) and ending on a cool Spanish outro, Move On is now a typical Santana track that mixes Winwood-souled vocals with that typicvally aerial latin-fusion the group had developped over the last four years. The surprisingly funky (dare I say almost disco- ish) One Chain is hardly insufferable though, but the more calm but still funky Stormy is rather bland.

Side 2 starts out with another Winwood classic followed by a harder Open Invitation reminding a bit the early-days Steve Perry Journey, but nothing infuriating either. The Lady/Holiday couple is bringing us back towards Amigos, while the funky Facts Of love is again flirting with a funky Winwood influence.. The closing percussive Wham! is almost a return to the first three albums albeit slightly modernized, and might just be my fave on the album.

By then end of the album, one can only be a tad irritated at the too-numerous Winwood references from Spencer Davis to Traffic, but this is clearly due to Dennis Lambert's production also as he collaborated to three songs also, earning a co-credit for each. Not one of Santana's most original album, not one of his worst either. Only really flawed by the heavily-slanted singing, this remains a good Santana album, just not an essential one.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Forum user
Forum password

WARNING: Forum software upgrade in progress, login function maybe affected for some users during that time.

Send comments to Sean Trane (BETA) | Report this review (#95621) | Review Permalink
Posted Wednesday, October 25, 2006

Review by Chris S
SPECIAL COLLABORATOR Honorary Collaborator
3 stars Inner Secrets spelt out the real change in Carlos Santana's directing of Santana the group. Here we go again on the late 70's merry -go-round ' adapt or die' reality that these groups were faced with. Santana survived and to some extents even better than the other bands as they blended the latino/rock/jazz fusion into a more 80's directed AOR sound. Who cares, the trade off was worth it as Santana proved on at least 5 or six further studio releases. Inner Secrets was the first major bold step in changing direction. Some erstwhile progressive followers may think this was the end of Santana, IMO that is totally wrong as the late 70's even through to the late 90's yielded superb material from this band.' One Chain' is the main single of Inner Secrets and it is absolutely superb. The quality of which outweighs the commercial edge.' Open Invitation' and ' The Facts Of Love' are other great songs. Greg Walker really shines on this album in the vocals department and CS continues to shapeshift his guitar to whatever guises he sees fit. Great album 3.5 stars full of positive subteties of even better days ahead.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Forum user
Forum password

WARNING: Forum software upgrade in progress, login function maybe affected for some users during that time.

Send comments to Chris S (BETA) | Report this review (#104718) | Review Permalink
Posted Thursday, December 28, 2006

Review by ZowieZiggy
PROG REVIEWER
1 stars During almost ten years, Santana has delivered several great albums and a few good ones. I'm afraid that with this one, we enter into a rather long obscurantism period. Santana going soul / disco ? Yes man, it is possible ! How could such a great band turn into such a (poor) joke ? This is quite a mystery for me.

I have been found of Santana all the way through : discovering them with "Abraxas" in December 1970, being completely blown out with their "Soul Sacrifice" rendition at Woodstock (I heard this one in February 1971 for the very first time). I even could enter their jazz-rock period with not so many problem.

But this one is just beyond my abilities. Should it have been good disco ! But no, it is real crap all the way through. The worse is probably reached with "One Chain" and "Stormy". What a pity !

To be honest, "Life Is A Lady/Holiday" is the first track that I, as an old Santana fan, can afford (although Carlos tries again to re-create for the seventh time now a clone for "Samba Pa' Ti"). Alas, it is way too short and cut abruptedly.

The closing number "Wham!" is the second good track of the album (again too short).

Santana would have been inspired in producing a single which would have been great ! Vocals were never really a trademark for Santana. There is way too much in here. This is for masochists only. One star. Avoid it as the plague.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Forum user
Forum password

WARNING: Forum software upgrade in progress, login function maybe affected for some users during that time.

Send comments to ZowieZiggy (BETA) | Report this review (#111634) | Review Permalink
Posted Sunday, February 11, 2007

Review by stefro
PROG REVIEWER
1 stars From 1978 onward, Santana would produce virtually nothing of note. And for a long time too. Despite the commercial success of the much-vaunted late-nineties all-star comeback album 'Superatural' and it's pair of facsimiled follow-ups, there has been precious little music to get excited about since 1977's 'Moonflower', a half-live, half-studio double-album which was essentially a compilation piece rounding up the best bits from the latin group's last three studio efforts 'Borboletta', 'Amigos' and 'Festival', all of which were issued between 1974 and 1976. Fans may not have guessed it at the time but 'Moonflower' would prove to be the very last musical breath of the Santana band's jazz-fusion age. Meant as a new kind of beginning, 'Inner Secrets' was issued at a time when Santana's commercial fortunes were starting to dwindle, with Carlos Santana himself now the only original member left. Although 'Moonflower' had been a success, the studio albums were faring less well, and the advent of punk-rock had brutally altered the rock 'n' roll landscape of the 1970's. The group's previous studio effort, 1977's 'Festival', had received a lukewarm response from both critics and fans, and this, coupled with the huge North American success groups such as Styx, Journey and Kansas were then achieving, all seemed enough to sway Carlos Santana into making wholesale changes in preparation for Santana's next phase of activity. As a result, a full year after 'Moonflower' 'Inner Secrets' was released, thus beginning a gruelling three-and-a-half decade-long artistic and commercial decline. They would release one more album during the 1970's, with the undistinguished 'Marathon' picking up where it's predecessor left off, before seriously losing the plot during the 1980's with a series of dreadful album covers adorning some almost- as-dreadful AOR albums. With their audience shrinking and each album consistently selling less copies than the last, synthesizers were introduced on 1985's desperate 'Beyond Appearances' and maintained for 1987's almost-as-flavourless 'Freedom', the group by now hovering desperately close to rock bottom. 'Spirits Dancing In The Flesh'(1990) and 'Milagro'(1992) failed to reverse the trend, and by 1993 Santana finally seemed done, the challenge of Nirvana and grunge almost beyond them. Of course, we all know what happened next - thanks Clive Davis and Arista - but we also know what happened between 1968 and 1977 when Santana produced some of the finest rock albums of the era. However, before you buy 'Inner Secrets', think about the chain of albums it set in motion, and realize that this is by no means the Santana we all knew and loved on 'Abraxas', 'Caravanserai' and 'Welcome'. Whilst 'Welcome' is seen as probably the last 'great' Santana album, 'Amigos' and 'Festival' can jointly be seen as the last decent Santana studio efforts. Both, of course, featured a slightly commercial slant, but they remained true to the jazz-fusion course set by it's predecessors and are both well worth a place in any proper Santana collection. They might not have been classics, but they positively kick-ass when compared to the soulless mainstream stuff found on 'Inner Secrets', an album that really did signal the beginning of the end. To put it finely, this is a cynical slice of corporate rock, a Santana record in name only. STEFAN TURNER, STOKE NEWINGTON, 2013

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Forum user
Forum password

WARNING: Forum software upgrade in progress, login function maybe affected for some users during that time.

Send comments to stefro (BETA) | Report this review (#1068253) | Review Permalink
Posted Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Latest members reviews

No review or rating for the moment | Submit a review

Post a review of SANTANA "Inner Secrets"

You must be a forum member to post a review, please register here if you are not.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Forum user
Forum password

WARNING: Forum software upgrade in progress, login function maybe affected for some users during that time.

Copyright Prog Archives, All rights reserved. | Legal Notice | Privacy Policy | Advertise | RSS + syndications

Other sites in the MAC network: JazzMusicArchives.com — the ultimate jazz music virtual community | MetalMusicArchives.com — the ultimate metal music virtual community


Server processing time: 1.11 seconds