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ROCK PROGRESSIVO ITALIANO

A Progressive Rock Sub-genre


From Progarchives.com, the ultimate progressive rock music website

Rock Progressivo Italiano definition

aka "RPI"


"So it's an established fact that in Italy during the period between 1971-1974, a music movement existed where bands would challenge each other to see who could be the most imaginative, who could create the album for the ages. They were all painters and sculptors just as in Renaissance Italy." -Tom Hayes/Gnosis


1. The background
As the 60s drew to an end, Italy experienced a wave of new ideas and ideals which coincided with the new musical era being born. It would not be exaggeration to state that the 70s were a watershed period in the history of the country. Even though the 60s are generally remembered as the years of the 'economic boom', it was only in the following decade that Italy made the long, difficult change from a relatively poor, traditional country into a fully developed Western society. A look at any timeline for 70s Italy will show an incredible concentration of events that changed the fabric of Italian society irrevocably: laws and acts were passed which affected worker's rights, family and divorce law, and women's rights and reproductive health. In a country where the physical presence of the Catholic Church has always been impossible to overlook, not least because of its open intervention in the country's political affairs, the introduction of such radical changes was no small feat.

Most of those changes were made possible by the presence of a strong left-wing component in Italian political life, even if regarded with extreme suspicion by both the Church and Italy's main ally, the United States. Though the existence of a party that openly called itself Communist was not exclusive to Italy, at the time the PCI (Partito Comunista Italiano) was considered more of a danger than, for instance, its French equivalent - mainly due to Italy's strategic position in the Mediterranean area, as well as the party's obvious connection with the Soviet Union. Such a peculiar, potentially explosive situation sadly became a breeding ground for a number of extremist groups, who were responsible for the season of violence and unrest commonly known as the 'Anni di piombo' ('years of lead'), which lasted well into the first half of the Eighties. The number of casualties due to terror acts and rioting was quite high, involving people from all walks of life. However, the defining episode of the decade was the kidnapping and subsequent murder of well-known politician Aldo Moro (a left-leaning Christian Democrat) by the notorious Brigate Rosse ('Red Brigades') in the spring of 1978.


2. The birth of a movement
The turbulent times affected countless musicians looking for something new-some way to parallel the political climate through artistic media. Ranging from highly educated conservatory students to local singer-songwriters, this spirit managed to captivate an entire country within a few short years. Young people were restless, bursting with a burning desire to change the staid, suffocating atmosphere of Italian society starting with one of its symbols, its venerable musical tradition. Most musicians had more or less strong left-wing leanings (the prime example being Area), while the few examples of openly right-wing bands never managed to break out of obscurity, or gain more than a strictly cult following.

Without a strong rock tradition in the 60s Italy had mainly produced beat bands of varying quality, as well as singers well-versed in the long-standing canzone tradition of the country. As the tidal wave of counter-culture swept in, it brought revolution not only in the form of progressive rock, but also differing forms of heavier, continental rock which was establishing itself around the same time. Psychedelic influences and the incorporation of classical music may have been the same stepping stones used by most other progressive scenes around the globe during the same period, but even at this embryonic stage there was a whiff of something else in the air. In the late 60s when the beat scene was already heading towards a decline, a number of bands formed, some of them releasing singles (or even albums) that bridged the gap between beat, conventional Italian easy listening music (musica leggera), and the new ideas coming from Great Britain - among them, New Trolls, Le Orme, Panna Fredda, I Quelli (later to become Premiata Forneria Marconi), Il Mucchio, and Fabio Celi e gli Infermieri.

"We wanted to put some improvisations between the singing parts and we had to make up our minds about the style to follow... After having been to the Isle of Wight festival, it was clear to all of us that we couldn't keep on playing the usual songs with verses and refrains." -Toni Pagliuca, Le Orme


3. The golden years
The beginning of the new decade saw the rise of a countless number of bands and artists, some of whom would go on to become successful acts. PFM, Banco del Mutuo Soccorso, Osanna, Il Balletto di Bronzo, Quella Vecchia Locanda belong to this group, with all but the latter being still active at the time of writing. Some others only managed to release one album (or even just a handful of singles) before they disbanded. The prog-rock bug became so widespread in Italy that some experts say every artist and band in Italy produced at least one progressive album during this time. A number of well-known mainstream artists started their career with a prog album, like singer-songwriters Riccardo Cocciante (with Mu) and Ivano Fossati (with the first Delirium album, Dolce acqua). Or, like Lucio Battisti or Fabrizio De AndrÚ, they released strongly prog-influenced albums when the movement was at its height.

During the peak years of the RPI movement in the early 70s, countless bands showcased their talent in the many pop festivals organized throughout Italy. The festivals were often free of charge and boasted a level artistic freedom and competition seldom seen in popular music. Fans witnessed bands rise from obscurity to compete on the same stage as the heavy hitters. This musical competition created something of an upward spiral; everyone tried to outdo each other, producing unique sounds and incorporating disparate influences into their music. The variety of the music went through the roof, with every band sharing the same aspirations, though seldom the same sound. It must also be made clear that despite the beliefs of those who write off Italian prog as simply a British counterfeit, many of these bands were creating music that was phenomenally original, experimental, free-spirited, and creatively successful. While bands from abroad helped influence and inspire Italian bands, Italy's young bands quickly took the ball and ran with it. It is ludicrous to suggest the scene a mere imitation. The upward spiral also meant an over saturated market, in which many bands only managed to put out one or two releases with minimal budget and intense recording. Some of the best, most genuine and treasured albums of Rock Progressivo Italiano can be found in this group: Semiramis' "Dedicato a Frazz", Pholas Dactylus' "Concerto delle menti", Raccomandata Ricevuta di Ritorno's "Per un mondo di cristallo", Museo Rosenbach's "Zarathustra", and Balletto di Bronzo's "Ys" to name just a few.

"We had to tackle this tradition, we had to fight against the conventions and refuse to be integrated. The New Sounds hadn't arrived yet, there was no music for the young people, there was nothing, you had to invent and build up your space. Perhaps this was the mainspring that unchained such a creative strength." -Gianni Leone

With time some of the biggest bands achieved international success, with PFM as the best-known example. Lyricist Peter Sinfield, known from his work with giants like King Crimson and ELP, even wrote for the band, while Peter Hammill provided English lyrics for Le Orme's "Felona e Sorona". Ironically this success often meant a detour from the roots of the RPI sounds, making these albums more aligned to the British scene than the bulk of the artists and albums in the archives. Look beneath the surface in order to discover hidden (or not so hidden) gems. While the oft-mentioned big 3 of Italian prog (PFM, Banco, and Le Orme) are conveniently considered the peak by those casually mentioning this scene, RPI enthusiasts know the river runs so much deeper, and many of our personal favourites are found outside of these popular groups. Those who search beyond the surface will discover that the most daring and provocative works were often made by more obscure groups who released one fantastic album and then vanished into thin air. This common syndrome of Italian "one-shot" bands became the bane of many RPI fans.

Since so many different musicians experimented with the progressive format, you will also find a broad musical scope within RPI, something which has kept the subgenre fresh and vital over time. Examples include Franco Battiato (still a very successful artist in Italy), Picchio dal Pozzo, Opus Avantra, Stormy Six and Area, who each in their own individual way, show a more cosmopolitan flavour and range of influences than most other acts.

After its explosive development in the early 70s, the movement followed the same path as other progressive musical movements around the world as the 80s approached. Some influential artists continued to release new albums though never with the same success as in the halcyon days. Others changed with the times and became highly successful mainstream artists both in Italy and internationally. As elsewhere in the prog universe the quantity and quality of RPI began to dry up a bit in the late 70s and early 80s, although there were some quality releases from that period. These titles tended to be more melodic and less brashly avant-garde than the classic period but were respectable nonetheless. To name but a few there were Locanda Delle Fate, Stefano Testa, Pierpaolo Bibbo, and L'Estate de San Martino. Area, Stormy Six, and PFM had a good title or two left in them as well.


4. Musical features of RPI
Italian symphonic prog is notable for the prominence of classical influences, often providing the driving force behind the music. The new listener will discover that this particular branch of RPI feels more like classical music in a rock setting as opposed to occasional classical influences on top of the rock format. Furthermore, the rich, diverse musical traditions of Italy permeate the albums, creating a strong national and even regional character. The "textbook" RPI groups can usually be identified by a pervasive sense of romantic melancholy and earthy flair, sometimes enhanced by baroque elements, sometimes by more ethnic ones. Other distinctive features include overt opera and operetta influences, wild and uncontrolled storytelling, and as a general rule, bold and highly emotional vocals. There is extroverted, operatic gallantry and panache or mellow balladry; exciting use of all sorts of keyboards, with sounds heard nowhere else but in this particular scene; exotic instruments such as aggeggi, ottavino, mandoloncello, clavicembalo- names that tickle the imagination and leave their distinct mark on the music. There is a uniquely magical marriage of the traditional to the modern, of the warm to the wild. The combination of flute, piano and violin is often encountered, and the interplay between the first two instruments in particular supplies the subgenre with a fair share of its identity and flavour.

Though the symphonic element is indeed the most common in RPI, the genre would be better characterized as eclectic. Jazz-fusion, folk, hard rock riffing Ó la Jethro Tull, Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin, intense drama a la Van der Graaf Generator (whose albums were revered in Italy), singer-songwriter, proto-metal, blues, avant tendencies, pop, psych, dark/occult, electronic-the list goes on. Even more amazing, these differences in style can often be found to varying degrees on one album, and still feel natural in the distinct stylistic framework mentioned above.

No overview of RPI would be complete without mentioning the use of the Italian language, by many considered one of the most musical languages in the world. It could be safely stated that the use of Italian is inherent to the soul of RPI, a critical component to the full appreciation of the subgenre. In fact, even if some key RPI albums were translated into English in an attempt to gain international recognition, most of them fail to impress. They feel as if one of the basic ingredients of what makes RPI such a successful concoction is missing. While most serious RPI fans consider Italian vocals essential to their listening experience, it is fair to say that some believe English lyrics are not so detrimental-even if in most cases the odd phrasing, incorrect emphasis, and heavy Italian accent of the singers detract significantly from an authentic overall effect. While some prog fans can find the gregarious Italian vocal style challenging at first, newbies are encouraged to simply stick with it for a while. With only a modest effort any RPI newbie will soon find they cannot imagine this music without traditional Italian vocals-they truly are the icing on the cake.

One common misconception that must be addressed is the belief that any prog band from Italy is an RPI band. There are bands from Italy more appropriate for other genres. As an example, a pure and obvious post-rock band who just happen to be from Rome are going to be in the post-rock sub, not RPI. A pure jazz-fusion band with no RPI characteristics to their sound could be easily placed in the Jazz/Fusion subgenre. The RPI team will work hard to evaluate bands that fit the characteristics and the feel of the subgenre, and those whose primary sound is more suited for another sub are recommended to them.

"Progressive is basically a blending of three elements: the song, the improvisation inspired by jazz and the composition in classical style. This cocktail is interpreted in different ways in every country: in England, for instance, Celtic, rock and blues influences prevail. In Italy we have to cope with our classical tradition: the melodramma, Respighi, Puccini, Mascagni but also all the contemporary classical composers. It's in this legacy, in my opinion, that the specificity of the Italian Progressive Rock is concealed." -Franco Mussida, PFM


5. RPI in the new century
As recently as the 90s and early 2000s RPI again proved its longevity to the prog community. Scores of the classic albums were re-pressed in Japan, then specialized independent labels such as BTF, Mellow and Black Widow (the latter responsible for rescuing the likes of Jacula and Antonius Rex from oblivion) started to re-issue many of the classic albums. As a consequence RPI has not only reached a new generation of fans, but the increased interest and appreciation have led to new material being released. Artists whose recordings have never been in circulation, bands that are as new to our ears as they are to many of those who were there when it happened, now have a new-found audience creating an ironic worm-hole effect: brand new music straight from prog's golden years.

With the revival clearly under way the 90s produced some stellar Italian albums and the beginning of CD reissue fever. In the 2000s the trend has continued to a much more successful degree. RPI is back and fan interest has exploded for both the classic period and the new bands of today like Il Bacio Della Medusa, Pandora, Lagartija, Conqueror, Il Ruscello, Senza Nome, Coral Caves, J'Accuse, Ubi Maior, and the projects of Fabio Zuffanti to name just a few. Italian progressive rock today covers a wide range of styles and influences, but many of the bands ground a portion of their sound in the RPI tradition. Moreover, this first decade of the 21st century has seen a new round of publications (both in print and in electronic format) covering various aspects of Italian prog, as well as the creation of a number of excellent websites dedicated to the subgenre, which are extremely influential as regards the promotion of new bands and artists.

The commercial success of RPI has always been modest compared to the big bands from other countries. However, the quality of the music past and present, from its unique compositions to fiercely independent spirit, has earned the RPI subgenre some of prog's most loyal followers.

By:
Raffaella Berry
Michael Berry
Ryan Olsen
Jim Russell
Linus Wikstr÷m
Todd Dudley

For the Mick.
29 July 2009



Current RPI Team
Todd
Aussie-Byrd-Brother (Michael)
rdtprog (Louis)




Additional information:
Italian Prog - A dedicated RPI site
http://www.italianprog.com

Italian Prog Map - A superb blog by RPI writer Andrea Parentin
http://italianprogmap.blogspot.com/

Andrea Parentin's history of RPI (essential reading)
http://www.progarchives.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=33377&PID=2345095#2345095

Andrea Parentin's contemporary Italian prog (newer bands)
http://www.progarchives.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=62150&FID=58

Movimenti Prog
http://www.movimentiprog.net

Centro Studi per il Progressive Italiano
http://www.centrostudiprogitaliano.it

John's Classic RPI blog - Another good blog on the "classic" era
http://classikrock.blogspot.com/

Arlequins - A prog rock webzine with much RPI content
http://www.arlequins.it/gb/index.asp


Where to buy Italian prog
Syn-phonic (USA) - http://www.synphonicmusic.com
Doug Larson (USA) - http://www.douglarsonimports.com
Kinesis (USA) - http://www.kinesiscd.com/index.html
Wayside (USA) - http://www.waysidemusic.com/
Mellow Records (Italy) - http://www.mellowrecords.com
BTF (Italy) - http://www.btf.it
Black Widow Records (Italy) - http://www.blackwidow.it
Camelot Music Store (Italy) - http://www.semanticweb.it/camelotstore/
Discogs - www.discogs.com

Rock Progressivo Italiano Top Albums


Showing only studios | Based on members ratings & PA algorithm* | Show Top 100 Rock Progressivo Italiano | More Top Prog lists and filters

4.40 | 1438 ratings
PER UN AMICO
Premiata Forneria Marconi (PFM)
4.37 | 974 ratings
DARWIN!
Banco Del Mutuo Soccorso
4.37 | 901 ratings
IO SONO NATO LIBERO
Banco Del Mutuo Soccorso
4.36 | 1140 ratings
STORIA DI UN MINUTO
Premiata Forneria Marconi (PFM)
4.30 | 730 ratings
ZARATHUSTRA
Museo Rosenbach
4.29 | 752 ratings
BANCO DEL MUTUO SOCCORSO
Banco Del Mutuo Soccorso
4.27 | 559 ratings
ARBEIT MACHT FREI
Area
4.23 | 803 ratings
FELONA E SORONA
Orme, Le
4.24 | 726 ratings
L'ISOLA DI NIENTE
Premiata Forneria Marconi (PFM)
4.22 | 596 ratings
UOMO DI PEZZA
Orme, Le
4.23 | 494 ratings
YS
Balletto di Bronzo, Il
4.25 | 383 ratings
MAXOPHONE
Maxophone
4.24 | 343 ratings
PALEPOLI
Osanna
4.22 | 307 ratings
CRAC !
Area
4.22 | 275 ratings
DISCESA AGL'INFERI D'UN GIOVANE AMANTE
Bacio Della Medusa, Il
4.20 | 283 ratings
L' ENIGMA DELLA VITA
Logos
4.18 | 270 ratings
CONTAMINAZIONE
Rovescio Della Medaglia, Il
4.19 | 242 ratings
CELESTE [AKA: PRINCIPE DI UN GIORNO]
Celeste
4.15 | 321 ratings
LA CRUDELT└ DI APRILE
Unreal City
4.24 | 154 ratings
RISVEGLIO
Egonon

Rock Progressivo Italiano overlooked and obscure gems albums new


Random 4 (reload page for new list) | As selected by the Rock Progressivo Italiano experts team

IL NOME DEL VENTO
Delirium
SEI LACRIME D'AMBRA
NotaBene
ASRAVA
Logos
CAMPO DI MARTE
Campo di Marte

Latest Rock Progressivo Italiano Music Reviews


 Purgatorio by METAMORFOSI album cover Studio Album, 2016
4.35 | 15 ratings

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Purgatorio
Metamorfosi Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Aussie-Byrd-Brother
Special Collaborator Rock Progressivo Italiano Team

5 stars The path of Italian RPI group Metamorfosi has been an interesting one. Starting, like many of the future defining Italian prog acts, with a humble little debut that mixed Sixties pop, gospel and folk elements (1972's `...E Fu il Sesto Giorno'), a year later they would deliver what would become one of THE legendary Italian progressive works with `Inferno', also one of the greatest keyboard-dominated albums in all of the genre, based around one part of the epic `Divina Commedia' (Divine Comedy) poem, a source that would continue as inspiration for continued Metamorfosi works over the decades. Despite a third album being written soon after the seminal 1973 work, the band split and it would remain unrecorded, at least until a version of the group reformed in the Nineties with a new bassist/guitarist and drummer, to be finally released as the gentler `Paradiso' in 2004. But with grand singer Jimmy Spitaleri finished with his commitments to fellow notable Italian proggers Le Orme (having performed lead vocals on their `Prog Files - Live in Rome' set and very underrated `La Via Della Setta' studio album between 2010-11), 2016 brings us the middle `Purgatorio' chapter of the tome, and while it doesn't hold too many genuine surprises, it's sublime, bombastic and lavish symphonic progressive music as only the Italian bands do so well.

A quick and overly simplified history lesson - The `Divina Commedia' is a long narrative poem written by Dante Alighieri, begun in 1308 and completed in 1320, and is considered a preeminent work in Italian literature. The poem presents an imaginative vision of the afterlife, separated into three sections - Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory) and Paridiso (Paradise). Written in the first person, the poem tells of Dante's journey through these three realms, guided by Roman poet Virgil through the first two, then by his courtly love interest Beatrice through Heaven.

The notion of purgatory is regarded as the intermediate state between life and death, in some beliefs a place a person goes to be judged to determine where their soul's eternal destiny is assigned - heavy going stuff! Sure enough, it means that `Purgatorio' is a much more frequently dramatic and darker work than the previous `Paradiso', one that allows for plenty of the classical bombast and theatrical flourishes expected of the group over lengthy and continuous suites of music. Throughout the album, they offer passages and lyrics based around the surreal events detailed in the poem, so please excuse the rather awkward descriptions that follow!

Right from the start, `Eco dagli Inferi' (Echo from Hell) is a foreboding gothic spoken-word narration over cavernous keyboard atmospheres that launches right into strident rocker `Catone' with Enrico Olivieri's humming Hammond organ and whirring synths, Fabio Moresco's pounding drums and Jimmy Spitaleri's commanding boisterous croon detailing a meeting with Cato, once a Roman military leader who now serves as warden to the entrance of the mountain of Purgatory. `Angelo Nocchiero' is a reflective interlude to convey a beautiful white angel in charge of transporting the souls residing in purgatory by boat, `Negligenti' a swooning lament detailing an encounter with those doomed to wait outside the entrance of Purgatory for a term equal to their lives on Earth, and the playfully malevolent `La Malastriscia', full of frantic instrumental organ pomp and a heavy wild vocal conveying a confrontation between a serpent/devil and the two angels that drive it away.

Covered over the following ten tracks, the arrival at the gates of Purgatory (`Porta del Purgatorio') leads to journeying through the seven terraces that represent the seven roots of sinfulness. `Superbi' (Pride) has relentless scathing synth-emulated orchestration and choirs, `Invidiosi' (Envy) is a sorrowful and thoughtful piano reflection and `Iracondi' (Wrath) is an infectious whirring keyboard theme with a jazzy electric piano solo in the middle. `Accidiosi' (Sloth) is a propulsive organ and harpsichord-laced interlude, `Golosi' (Gluttony) has a playful lurch to its slithering keyboard and electric piano stabs, and `Avari e Prodighi's upfront lead synth themes (with nice bass soloing from Leonardo Gallucci) and the electronic-dominated `Lussuriosi Purgatorio' convey Avarice and Lust.

At the summit of Mount Purgatory lies the Earthly Paradise (the Garden of Eden), perfectly represented by the purely instrumental `Paradiso Terrestre', an extended showcase for Enrico Olivieri's calming and victorious piano soloing and proud keyboard fancy. `Beatrice', the woman who symbolizes Dante's path to God, is a piano and vocal swoon, `Il Carro e L'aquila' details her triumphant arrival on griffin-drawn chariot and is grand keyboard-dominated pomp, and closer `E Rinnovato Volo' (renewed flight) is a stirring symphonic finale. With a glorious sweeping vocal, Leonardo's sweetly gliding bass and precious guitar chimes and a heavenly choral climax, it's a dignified and emotional tune to soundtrack her rebuking of his sins, his drinking from the River Lethe which erases his memory of past sin and restores his good memories, and prepares him for his ascent to Heaven (the third act of the Divina Commedia, which was adapted by the band on their 2004 album `Paradisio').

Please be aware - completely frustratingly, there is a world of difference between the LP and CD versions, with the vinyl edition leaving out seven tracks from the album. Admittedly the full album is definitely overlong at just over 56 minutes, but despite how amazing Giuseppina Laura Tarantola's watercolour cover art must look on the larger package, these sort of `highlights compilation' rearrangements to fit an ill-fitting format that here leaves out over 16 minutes of music is completely inexcusable (especially considering some of the stand-out pieces on the album like the instrumental `Paradiso Terrestre' are removed). If you're interested in the album and want the full experience the way it is meant to be heard, the CD edition is your only option.

`Purgatorio' was never going to be an `Inferno' beater (honestly, would ever would?), and some listeners may find that this really doesn't offer anything new when compared to many of the recent `comeback' albums from important vintage period Italian prog bands. But the amount of effort gone into painstakingly writing, producing and performing an interpretation of such a multi-layered and complex work is hugely commendable of the group, and their efforts actually encourage further study of the origin of the material that proves richly rewarding. In addition to Laura Tarantola's above-mentioned cover art and the gorgeous illustrations inside the accompanying CD booklet from Bruno Tarantola that have to be seen to be believed, `Purgatorio' ticks all the right boxes fans could want to Italian progressive music and the grand symphonic music of that country, truly `RPI' in its purest form, and anything less than top marks would be grossly insulting.

Five stars.

 Il-lūdĕre by TEMPIO DELLE CLESSIDRE, IL album cover Studio Album, 2017
4.03 | 20 ratings

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Il-lūdĕre
Il Tempio delle Clessidre Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by progpromoter

4 stars ITDC is Back!

After three years from "AlieNatura" the wise band from Genoa, now enriched with the (not only) drummer Mattias Olsson (ex-Anglagard, Necromonkey, White Willow), is out with its third studio album.

As the preceding album, also in this case the title is a word game. The union of latin verb "ludere", that means 'the act of playing', with the italian article "il" generates a dualism between "il giocare" (the act of playing) and the verb "illudere", that means 'to deceive' or 'to generate expectations that will never be satisfied'

Actually, along the lyrics find place the sweet illusion to have the world at your feet when you're very young, the sad reality to face when you're adult, the tricks, the games, the consequences of love and the need to come back to act and think as a child, to go beyond obstacles otherwise insurmountable, if faced with an adult mind.

All is supported by ITDC's Music, every time rich and refined in arrangements, but here a bit different with the respect of past albums: now all the musicians are involved in composition, not only Fabio Gremo and Elisa Montaldo. This leads to more heterogeneus sounds, more rock oriented, though the lovely presence of Gremo's classic guitar works moderates the effect. There is more electric guitar, but Giulio Canepa takes away the usual RPI jazzy polite register, substituting it with more opened and distorted effects, very near to heavy rock. In the meantime Elisa Montaldo's great work of searching new fascinating sounds, unusual harmonizations and atmospheres sometimes ethereal, sometimes sumptuos and anxious takes place. The searching of new effects is extended also to vocals: always warm and emphatic the one from Francesco Ciapica, always sweet and touching the other from Elisa Montaldo, helped in the chorus line from Canepa and Gremo. Also Mattias Olsson, with his huge amount of percussion and samplers has given his contribution to the new aspects of ITDC sound.

In my opinion the best moments are "La Parola Magica", "Prospettive", "Nuova Alchimia" and "La Spirale del Vento", while "Manitou", with its evoking melodic line and the wise Olson's drumming, gives me a pleasant sensation of ethereal melancholy. I've heard both versions of this song: one sung in Italian by Ciapica (on CD) and the other sung in Japanese by Elisa (Live) and I prefer the second one because feminine voice and Japanese language render it more evoking and ethereal. You may find the Japanese version of this song only on CD Japanese edition. "Spettro del Palco" is the single come out to anticipate the album. The lyrics, the music and the video pay their tribute to Tim Burton and Danny Elfman and has the virtue to be quite catchy, but not too easy. "Gnaffe' " is the bonus track: it's inspired by Boccaccio's Decameron novels. It's a music trick, as to refer to album title.

Track by Track shivers

"Le Regole del Gioco" The album opens with sounds and atmospheres which bring you away, a nice piano arpeggio that seems to anticipate something unnamed, and footsteps with english conversation...

"La Parola Magica" Powerful track, but what has given me shivers is that crazy synth effect which jumps from right to left at the beginning of the second verse! If I know a bit Elisa Montaldo, she could have lost her sleep until she has found it in the right way!

"Come nelle Favole" It's an heavy rock song, quite unusual for ITDC. Here Francesco Ciapica shows his great vocal range. Great strong ending with two powerful solos: guitar and keys.

"Dentro la mia mente" It has a long coda (ending part), widely used in RPI. In this case it's enriched with histrionic Ciapica's vocalism who experiments a double voice effect as in the second track.

"Spettro del Palco" It's a good single song. It takes place in your mind even if it's not easy-listening as well. Once more I have to remark Ciapica's great interpretative vein. Please notice how does it change the sense of the words "nella mia mente" in the two different situations: in the first he is sweethearted in love, in the second he is hoplessly desperate! The piano coda anticipates the main theme of "La Spirale del Vento" ... and also this means "to play with music"!

"Prospettive" Starting from this song until the end of "La Spirale del Vento" in my opinion there's the best part of the entire album. Starting with an intro with classic guitar and piano, after the keys crescendo (with that bass chords I truly love!) the music seems to spirally close into itself to give space to Canepa loud screaming guitar, very inspired along the whole track. After the 6/8 bridges his solo is powerful and full of feeling. The coda is heart breaking. Very beautiful!

"Manitou" is ethereal, spiritual and sweet. The continual but suffused Olsson's percussion and his almost tribal drumming render this song a priceless musical pearl.

"Nuova Alchimia" is the track less easy to bear in mind. It practically hasn't an intro, almost showing an urgency of expression. The up-tempo singing, the solemnity of keys and the unbelievable atmosphere that lingers in the whole track find their fulfillment in the opera-symphonic ending, with the astonishing Elisa's chorals which give us pure emotion. Great!

"La Spirale del Vento" Beautiful piano intro with Olson's delicate cymbals work. The lyrics are almost autobiographical and talk about the choices we make, that seem crazy to others. The powerful synth solo opens the incredible epic and overwhelming ending. I must confess that I'd have preferred that the album would come to end with this track, because the bonus track misrepresents the fulfilment sensation that lets you to play the entire CD another time.

"Gnaffe' " It's almost a goliardic game, as mentioned before. Well played in mediaeval way, as it is.

At the end, "il-ludere" is a very good album. It takes a bit distance from typical RPI stylistics (we don't find long epic songs and continuous tempo variations) but still chained to it by the enriched arrangements (instrumental and vocal) and the search of unusual rhythm solutions and in something new or unexpected, which is the vital lymph for music REAL lovers. ITDC original and characteristic sound remains almost untouched, even if it pays a great tribute to past glorious prog bands

Please don't miss to listen to this album, you would bitterly repent!

 Preludio, Tema, Variazioni, Canzona  [Aka: Milano Calibro 9 (OST)] by OSANNA album cover Studio Album, 1972
3.57 | 82 ratings

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Preludio, Tema, Variazioni, Canzona [Aka: Milano Calibro 9 (OST)]
Osanna Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by siLLy puPPy
Collaborator PSIKE & JR/F/Canterbury Teams

4 stars Sandwiched between the group's energetic and eclectic debut "L'Uomo" and the progressive landmark album "Palepoli" which has immortalized them forever in the progressive rock history books was a short little album that has gone by two titles and barely clocks in over a half of an hour in running time. Originally released as PRELUDIO, TEMA, VARIAZIONI E CANZONA, this second album by OSANNA is actually a progressive rock soundtrack for the Italian film MILANO CALIBRO 9 which is also the second title that it has been released as. While credited as an OSANNA album proper as it is performed exclusively by the face-painting band from Naples, several of the tracks were written by the pianist and composer Luiz Enrique Bacalov who not only wrote several of the tracks but also tackled the arrangements as well as serving as director of the orchestrations.

Despite this not being a total-control type of OSANNA album and designed to serve the mood of the film (which i've never seen) it still sounds very much like the same musicians who performed on "L'Uomo" and "Palepoli." The film itself was based on the book of the same name CALIBRO 9 (meaning "caliber 9") and was about a small-time gangster who, once released from prison, had to convince the police, his friends and his girlfriend that he was going straight and done with the criminal world however everyone around him believes he has a stash of cash nearing the 300,000$ range hidden somewhere. The music is primarily instrumental with a couple tracks offering Lino Vairetti's signature vocal style. The music despite being suited for a soundtrack sounds very much like the eclectic OSANNA of the surrounding albums with Danilo Rustici's signature guitar riffing, Elio D'Anna's distinct flute and sax contributions and Massimo Guarino's equally unambiguous drum patterns.

Soundtracks are tricky beasts to rate and review since they are more often than not so inextricably intertwined with the theme and mood of the film in which they appear, so i personally have to have a connection with the music independently since a soundtrack without the film is and should be held up to scrutiny independently. This soundtrack to MILANO CALIBRO 9 certainly does just that. While i have no idea how it fits in to the movie itself, i actually find this one a beautiful listening experience. OSANNA may have fewer rocking moments compared to other albums as this one is very much a trade off of harder rock with symphonic classical orchestrated segments but it works quite successfully. While the classical parts may sound more like a generic soundtrack material, OSANNA more than adds enough of their idiosyncratic take on progressive rock so as to leave no doubt as to who the stars of this show are.

While based in a melodramatic classical style, OSANNA let's loose with raucous heavy rocking guitar and freaked out electronica. There are a number of effects like back masking that are quite effective and the OSANNA type song structures as heard on "L'Uomo" are plentiful. For me this one more than works as a musical statement outside of the context of the film's theme and delivers a very satisfying mix of stellar written tracks that take the approach of "L'Uomo" and create a fully formed fusion with classical soundtrack type score music. Nothing seems forced as the two styles play around together and except for the rather insipid ballad type vocal number "Canzona (There Will Be Time)" which ends the album, i'm actually quite fond of every other track. OSANNA would fizzle out quickly after "Palepoli" but on this one they still flaunt their musical mojo even if they weren't calling all the shots.

 Live in Elba by RACCOMANDATA RICEVUTA RITORNO album cover Live, 2015
5.00 | 1 ratings

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Live in Elba
Raccomandata Ricevuta Ritorno Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Asiostygius

— First review of this album —
5 stars Excellent and supposedly the only official live release of (La Nuova) Raccomandata con Ricevuta di Ritorno. Performed in December 2013 at Teatro Dei Vigilanti di Portoferraio, Elba Island.

Good set list with both old and new (from the very good "Il Pittore Volant" album) compositions, and three very well performed covers of Led Zeppelin, Arthur Brown and Jimi Hendrix! I was particularly pleased by the saxophone in Led Zep's Babe I'm Gonna Leave You.

Luciano Regoli's voice continues as good as 45 years ago (!) and the female vocals by Cristina Cioni is a nice addition to some of the songs. All musicians perform superbly and my only "complaint" is that I would like some 15-30 min more added to this relatively short (64 min) live set.

In conclusion, a ****1/2 stars, rounded to five stars.

 Apoteosi by APOTEOSI album cover Studio Album, 1975
3.93 | 135 ratings

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Apoteosi
Apoteosi Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Aussie-Byrd-Brother
Special Collaborator Rock Progressivo Italiano Team

4 stars Another talented group that fell to the dreaded one-and-done Italian prog curse of the Seventies (well, until so many of them started making comebacks over the last few years!), Apoteosi of Calibria in Southern Italy left us with this one precious and dynamic self-titled album from the mid Seventies. With a core line-up that was very much a family affair made up of a group of brothers and sisters - and teenagers no less! - and produced by their father, these impeccably skilled youngsters offered a primarily symphonic album comprised of a bunch of scattered little ideas, culminating in lengthy instrumental sections drowned in lavish servings of piano, Mellotron and spiralling spacy effects, constantly busy drumming and fiery guitars, and the use of a female vocalist grants it a very unique place in the Italian progressive works of the vintage era.

Along with `Embrion's brief opening introduction of crashing cymbal storms, rising synth washes and lightly jazzy guitar licks all growing in stature, `Prima Realta' tears through Massimo IdÓ's vibrant piano/keyboard-dominated sprinting musical segments full of power not too far removed from fellow Italian one-off band Triade's `1998: La Storia di Sabazio' from 1973, but also finds time for several placid and pastoral moments to catch your breathe. Silvana IdÓ's voice is sweetly cooing with moments of stronger urgency, Marcello Surace's drums are endlessly frantic yet brilliantly controlled, Franco Vinci moves deftly between classy acoustic and charging electric guitar bursts, Federico IdÓ's bouncing bass leaps around with finesse and his breezy reflective flute weaves in and out of memorable reprising themes that flow with ease. It drifts right into `Frammentaria Rivolta', offering moments of gothic piano and delicate classical elegance in amongst the whirling keyboard runs and rumbling propulsive bass attacks. Silvana's plaintive voice is sweetly melancholic here, but the mood of the album is lifted again with an infectious and joyful whirring synth finale amidst ragged guitar grinding and thrashing drums.

The flip side holds a three-part suite - `Il Grande Disumano' opens as a subdued and stark piano introduction with impossibly subtle electric guitar wisps, but it and `Attessa' spring to up-tempo jazzy life to tear into buoyant and snappy spasms of Triumvirat/E.L.P-like pomp. Franco's brief wilder vocal almost reminds of Osanna, there's even a haunting and sobering spectral organ and choral interlude (`Oratorio Chorale'), and there's plenty of back and forth/call-and-response soloing duelling between all the members. `Dimensione Da Sogno' turns triumphant and hopeful with Silvana singing with great dignity and spirit, and self-titled instrumental closer `Apoteosi' unveils slowly unfolding deep-space glistening synths and slow-burn electric guitar soloing, perhaps the closest the disc comes to a psychedelic moment that might not be too far removed from bands like Nektar and Eloy.

Sophisticated and ambitious but tastily lacking an overly polished production to retain just enough of a grit that perfectly captures the youthfulness, energetic bluster and determination to impress of the young players, `Apoteosi' proves that while the band might have lacked the absolute pinpoint precision of Banco del Mutuo Soccrosso, damned if they didn't come close to their own version of the eclecticism, variety and energetic instrumental arrangements of that defining band. There's probably plenty of more important albums in the vintage Italian prog era, but Apoteosi and their grand little self-titled album with its humble sleeve is a much-admired minor classic and beloved personal highlight for many.

Four and a half stars.

 L'Uomo by OSANNA album cover Studio Album, 1971
3.65 | 125 ratings

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L'Uomo
Osanna Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by siLLy puPPy
Collaborator PSIKE & JR/F/Canterbury Teams

4 stars Emerging in the shadow of Mt Vesuvius in the southern Italian city of Napoli (Naples), one of Italy's premiere progressive rocking bands OSANNA set the stage for many others to follow. The band consisted of Lino Vairetti (vocals, 12-string guitar, harmonica, organ, synth), Danilo Rustici (guitar, organ), Massimo Guarino (drums), Elio D'anna (flute, piccolo, saxes) and Lello Brandi (bass) and although they would only delivery three albums before the band members began ruffling each others feathers and the friction would smother the creative juices, none of that appears on their debut L'UOMO (The man or mankind.) Right from the start OSANNA were attention getters in their live setting by wearing long cult leader like vests and were amongst the very first rock acts to don face paint and engage in theatrical stage antics. Rumor has it that Genesis who chose them to open up for them in those early days very well may have taken some of these influential performance tricks with them once the bands went their own ways.

While it is almost universally accepted that OSANNA's creative peak was with the grandiose and masterful "Palepoli," it would be a mistake to write off the earlier albums as mere warm-ups for that shining moment of Rock Progressivo Italiano. All their trademark elements are already fully functional on this debut. Lino Vairetti lures you in with his signature rock vocal style while Danilo Rustici nailed it with his best heavy psych / blues rock meets Neopolitan and Mediterranean riffing styles. Add in the 60s acid flashbacks of psychedelic effects, high-powered heavy rock attacks from out of the blue interspersed with soft and sensual acoustic segments often decorated with the jazzy touches of a sax, the sensuousness of folky flute and down-home country feel of a harmonica and you will realize that OSANNA mastered a great number of musical moods, timbres and genres and mixed them so well that you can hardly tell that they're not supposed to be there!

For a progressive rock album, L'UOMO is very much a collection of shorter tracks that despite having progressive touches was still in that transition phase of straight forward heavy rock and full-blown progressive rock pomp and awe. This album was designed to be accessible and awe-inspiring simultaneously and achieves the marriage of both aspects of rock quite successfully. The beauty of early OSANNA is how they can nurture the most addictive melodies and manage to pass the baton from musician to musician as they can manage to fit acoustic guitar, flute solos, harmonica wailing and heavy filthy rock augmented by sax and psychedelia often within the same track! After some careful examination it would appear that the classic "Palepoli" merely sews all the elements laid out here albeit in a more sophisticated fashion under the guise of single tracks whereas on L'UOMO it's a tad more disjointed and displays the freneticism of a passionate energetic band getting their feet wet.

While the Italian rock scene stalwartly incorporated their native Italian language to their music, OSANNA was testing the ground with three tracks in English most likely observing the huge success of the British invasion and other neighboring European nations jumping on the English language bandwagon. These three tracks are certainly the most hard rocking numbers of the album however i feel they detract from the overall continuity of the album a bit and i would definitely prefer that L'UOMO would have been exclusively in the beautiful Italian language. Despite the ability to put L'UOMO under the microscope for decades and reveal its flaws, this debut album remains a steadfast place marker in Italian progressive rock history where the 60s and 70s were getting all cozy with each other and ultimately spawning new offspring and not to mention that this is a damn good listen to boot! Yeah, "Palepoli" wins the progressive rock wars but L'UOMO remains a more light-hearted collection of instantly addictive tracks that elevate this one to the ranking as my second favorite OSANNA album!

 La Fabbrica Delle Nuvole by MAXOPHONE album cover Studio Album, 2017
3.30 | 18 ratings

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La Fabbrica Delle Nuvole
Maxophone Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Chalcobalt

3 stars Baroque strings set the tone for this album in a classic Italian prog rock feeling. Keyboard-based style with plenty of guitars, horns and violin. There are really bright moments here, lovely melodies, paces and intricate changes in these. The symphonic parts with folky and classical incorporations are the most enjoyable, and there are also beautiful piano to be found occassionally. The guitar is on the other hand quite eclectic at times in sections not as interesting for me. In prog measures, most songs are short. With the musical skill and the range of instruments obviously possessed and mastered, I think the band could compose elongate epic masterpiece tracks if such ambitions would appear to them. But the songs rather orientate into rock tunes in a more standard appearance. Because of this, most tracks becomes increasingly tedious upon repeated listening instead of growing with time. Don't get me totally here though, there are a lot of these genious moments on the record, but no song that I absolutely admire from start to end. 'Un ciclone su Pacifico' is my honourable mention apart from the piano- and bass-driven instrumental title track that really tickles progressive nerve cells. Medieval tunes at boths ends of an otherwise really eclectic 'La luna e la Lepre' are also among the most exciting parts. I'm left with the sense that it could have been so much more, in many senses, but this is nevertheless recommendable high quality prog rock.
 I Am Changing by ANCIENT VEIL, THE album cover Studio Album, 2017
3.08 | 11 ratings

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I Am Changing
The Ancient Veil Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Chalcobalt

3 stars Italian symphonic prog music as beautiful and tender as anything in the genre. Not much rock, but instead neat melodies on piano and acoustic guitars accompanied by fine flutes and lush mellotron sounds. I would probably have been just fine with the vocals and given the album a high rating, if it would have been in the native language of the vocalists. It would feel so much more authentic without that strong accent, although the female singer is considerably more comfortable with english. Because the male voice appears way more often than her, 'Chime of Times' and the instrumental songs 'Bright Autumn Dawn' and 'Fading Lights' are clearly most enjoyable, despite that most songs have excellent composition and quiet but grand epic soundscapes.
 Four Of A Kind by GOBLIN album cover Studio Album, 2015
3.83 | 35 ratings

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Four Of A Kind
Goblin Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by tszirmay
Special Collaborator Crossover Team

4 stars Goblin surprised the Prog world by releasing 2 albums in 2015, Goblin Rebirth being an off-shoot band that kept the magnificent rhythmic tandem of Fabio Pignatelli and Agostino Marangolo together while infusing 3 talented players, creating a memorable self-titled album that I anointed with the highest praise. On 'Four of a Kind', the two are joined by initial members Massimo Morante on guitars and keyboardist Maurizio Guarini. Only Claudio Simonetti is missing but he has his own version of Goblin. For a bass fiend like me, an instrumental album that puts Pignatelli's instrument up front and center can only be another blissful pleasure. Since there are no vocals, I sort of see this 43 minute musical gnome as a one multi-part suite.

The usual Goblin characteristic is omnipresent throughout the 10 tracks , a dark, brooding, at times menacing atmosphere that permeates the arrangements, steered by that carving Rickenbacker bass, thankfully pushed forward in the mix, ably supported by Marangolo's decidedly Bonham-ian approach to percussive beats. Lather on top some profuse synthesizer weavings, shrill Hammond organ flashes and occasional piano eloquence. Finally the electric guitar frills add tension and sizzle to the bombastic expanse. The 7 minute+ 'Uneven Times' possesses all those characteristics, only including a brief sax venture from Marangolo's presumed relative, Antonio. The synth- heavy 'In the Name of Goblin' proposes troubling musical shifts and obscure patterns, kept in line by the Pignatelli 4 string magic. Morante constructs some complex axe phrasings that scratches the surface of some epidermal fear of the unknown, a classic Goblin trait. It starts out fairly homogenous, armed with a classic guitar melody before veering into a murky cemetery-like dirge middle section that reverts back to the beginning. The clavicembalo (a mythical RPI instrument) that is nothing more than a harpsichord, makes a brief intro on' Mousse Roll' before vaulting into a beefy leviathan of sound and fury, relentlessly pummeled by both the feisty bass and the cruel drumming, assisted by acoustic and electric guitar incursions. 'Bon Ton' keeps the rhythmic assault forceful, a very binary onslaught with zealous distortions and lightning blitzes that suddenly evolves into a complicated but surreal atmosphere where only the bass seems to be on target while the others float around in some semi-state, before resuming the bombast with even more aplomb. Morante makes his fret board scream and rage, it's a beautiful feeling as the choir mellotron howls in the background. The exit is phenomenally suave. 'Kingdom' flutters at first, elegant piano and orchestral gravity set the tone, a solo guitar serenade in the high notes introduces a more avid piano melody that is boosted by more choir mellotron, synths twinkling mechanically in the back ground. 'Dark Blue(s)', as the title may imply, is a bluesy affair, highly surprising under the circumstances but Goblin pull it off rather brilliantly, Morante showing decades of experience and chops on the guitar and he simply shines. Part Roy Buchanan, part Gary Moore, he bears his soul on the fret board, knowing the three others are right behind him, the genial background choir doing immense positive damage to the arrangement. Almost a Gothic religious feel to it that ends with a heartbeat. Amazing! 'Love & Hate' is back to the classic infernal dichotomy between two extremes, starting off all bothered and sweaty before slipping into radiant sweetness, the synths and piano in maximum lullaby overdrive. Achingly gorgeous, divine in spirit and expertly delivered by mature, talented musicians. You guessed it, on a dime, it reverts to almost Crimsonian bluster, angry Wetton-like bass blasting feverishly and slashing guitar scimitars doing serious damage. '008' is perhaps dedicated to James Bond's next agent in the line of fire, a rambling Hammond-fueled soundtrack for a raging Aston Martin barreling down the autostrada, a Beretta popping off synthesized bullets and some suave bambina looking back at you with a furtive glance. Sexy, sizzling and suave finale to a thrilling album that can easily offer future pleasures to the discriminating fan. Just listening to the bass and drums has more than enough interest for the audiophile

Can we please have some more music like this, per favore?

4.5 gargoyles

On a side note, it took 3 months for this disc to arrive in the mail, proving once gain that I have more patience than a hospital (wink)

 Christadoro by CHRISTADORO album cover Studio Album, 2017
3.96 | 9 ratings

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Christadoro
Christadoro Rock Progressivo Italiano

Review by Aussie-Byrd-Brother
Special Collaborator Rock Progressivo Italiano Team

4 stars Christadoro is a surprising but very welcome collaboration between modern Italian prog notable Fabio Zuffanti (Finisterre, La Maschera di Cera, Hostsonaten and his own superb solo work) and thirty-year Italian music veteran and drummer Mox Cristadoro that also boasts a band comprised of members of Yugen, Not a Good Sign and the modern incarnation of Il Biglietto per L'Inferno. On their self-titled 2017 debut album, the Christadoro band bring fresh and very different life to a range of pieces from a diverse selection of vintage Italian acts, often of the Italian canzone d'autore/singer-songwriter tradition such as Franco Battiato, Lucio Dalla, Giorgio Gaber, Roberto Vecchioni, Antonello Vendetti, Claudio Baglioni and even New Wave/Punk group Decibel, and of special interest to long-time RPI fans, it also includes contributions from Franco Mussida of Premiata Forneria Marconi and Giuseppe `Pilli' Cossa of the original version of Il Biglietto per L'Inferno.

Moody opener `L'Operaio Gerolamo' ripples with danger, as eerie background synths, Fabio's low-key murmuring bass and Andrea Dal Santo's increasingly intense treated vocal maintain the relentlessness of the Lucio Dalla original but gives it a firm modern grounding with a suitably stormy ending of wild strangled electric guitar. After a moody spoken word passages `Il Sosia' throws in plenty of Paolo Botta's sleek Mellotron and whirring synth lines, Mox Cristadoro's slinking drums and dirty wailing ever-so-slightly bluesy guitars behind Andrea's raspy purring vocal, and `L'ultimo Spettacolo' turns more uplifting with an early `Fat Old Sun'/Pink Floyd-like dreaminess (guitarist Pier Panzeri doing a fine impression of late Sixties David Gilmour) weaving around its stirring and spirited David Bowie-esque vocal - and watch out for the wild second-half direction change!

Both `Figli di...' and `Lo Stambecco Ferito' flirt with different kinds of heavy metal, the grinding guitars and heavy Hammond organ blasts of the punchy former almost reminding of underrated heavy Italian groups like L'Impero Delle Ombre and I Compagni di Baal, and the latter sustains plenty of Black Sabbath-like atmosphere throughout its harder riffs and alternatively creeping/pleading vocal that culminates in a big proggy finale - just listen to Fabio's chunky bass! `Solo' keeps up the heaviness with grinding mule-kick heavy guitars, ghostly Mellotron and sparkling Fender Rhodes electric piano runs, and `Ricercare...' is a doleful improvised acoustic guitar interlude. `L'Ombra della Luce' proves to be an uplifting closer with sweetly chiming guitars, Andrea's soaring vocal takes on the briefest of lovely falsetto moments, with the track almost sounding like a more focused and to-the-point version of the Steve Hogarth-fronted version of Marillion or a modern Anathema piece, with the same slow build with maximum pay-off those groups deliver when the achieve greatness.

Do yourself a favour - explore the original songs, so you can see how much effort the group here has put into reinterpreting the pieces in a complex, intelligent and completely exciting manner that also gives them a distinctly modern and `progged-up' appeal (one not so far removed in parts from Zuffanti's own 2014 solo work `La Quarta Vittima' actually). Even if you don't know the originals or have no connection to them, please don't dismiss this as simply a mere `covers' album or allow it to quietly vanish without a trace. It truly stands up as a superior frequently heavy modern Italian prog stunner, helping make `Christadoro' a consistently effective and unexpectedly powerful debut that's also one of the strongest releases from Italy so far in 2017, so let's hope the band come together again for further works in the future.

Four stars.

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Rock Progressivo Italiano bands/artists list

Bands/Artists Country
A PIEDI NUDI Italy
ABISSI INFINITI Italy
ABSENTHIA Italy
ACQUA FRAGILE Italy
AD MAIORA Italy
ADHARMA Italy
AINUR Italy
AKRON Italy
L' ALBERO DEL VELENO Italy
ALGEBRA Italy
ALESSANDRO ALISCIONI Italy
ALLEGRI LEPROTTI Italy
GLI ALLUMINOGENI Italy
ALPHATAURUS Italy
ALTARE THOTEMICO Italy
ALUSA FALLAX Italy
AMMINISTRAZIONE CAOS POPOLARE Italy
ANACONDIA Italy
ANCESTRY Italy
THE ANCIENT VEIL Italy
ANTONIUS REX Italy
GLI APOSTHOLI Italy
APOTEOSI Italy
APRYL Italy
ARCHITRAVE INDIPENDENTE Italy
AREA Italy
ARIES Italy
ARJUNA Italy
ARMONITE Italy
ARPIA Italy
ARS NOVA (ITA) Italy
ASSEMBLEA MUSICALE TEATRALE Italy
ASSENZIO Italy
ASTROLABIO / ELETTROSMOG Italy
ATON'S Italy
ATTO IV Italy
AUDIO Italy
AURORA LUNARE Italy
AVALON LEGEND Italy
IL BABAU & I MALEDETTI CRETINI Italy
SOPHYA BACCINI Italy
IL BACIO DELLA MEDUSA Italy
THE BADGE Italy
BALLETTIROSADIMACCHIA Italy
IL BALLETTO DI BRONZO Italy
IL BALLO DELLE CASTAGNE Italy
THE BALMUNG Italy
LA BAMBIBANDA E MELODIE Italy
BANCO DEL MUTUO SOCCORSO Italy
BARABBA Italy
MARIO BARBAJA Italy
BAROQUE Italy
BARROCK Italy
LUCIANO BASSO Italy
LA BATTERIA Italy
FRANCO BATTIATO Italy
PIERPAOLO BIBBO Italy
BIGLIETTO PER L'INFERNO Italy
BLOCCO MENTALE Italy
LA BOCCA DELLA VERIT└ Italy
BONDAGE Italy
BORNIDOL Italy
LA BOTTEGA DELL'ARTE Italy
BRAEN'S MACHINE Italy
BRAINDEAD Italy
ANGELO BRANDUARDI Italy
BRIGHT HORIZON Italy
BUON VECCHIO CHARLIE Italy
CAGE Italy
I CALIFFI Italy
CALLIOPE Italy
CAMERA ASTRALIS Italy
JURI CAMISASCA Italy
CAMPO DI MARTE Italy
CANTINA SOCIALE Italy
CAPITOLO 6 Italy
CAPRICORN COLLEGE Italy
CAPSICUM RED Italy
ENZO CAPUANO Italy
IL CASTELLO DELLE UOVA Italy
IL CASTELLO DI ATLANTE Italy
CAVALLI COCCHI LANZETTI ROVERSI Italy
CELESTE Italy
IL CERCHIO D'ORO Italy
CERVELLO Italy
CHERRY FIVE Italy
CHIAVE DI VOLTA Italy
CHRISTADORO Italy
LUCIANO CILIO Italy
CIRCLE OF FAIRIES Italy
CITT└ FRONTALE Italy
CIVICO 23 Italy
CLEPSYDRA Italy
I COCAI Italy
ROBERTO COLOMBO Italy
CONDOR Italy
CONQUEROR Italy
CONSORZIO ACQUA POTABILE Italy
CONTRAPPUNTO Italy
CONTROTEMPO Italy
COOPERATIVA DEL LATTE Italy
CORAL CAVES Italy
CORMORANO Italy
EMANUELE CORREANI Italy
CORTE AULICA Italy
CORTE DEI MIRACOLI Italy
LA COSCIENZA DI ZENO Italy
MARIO COTTARELLI Italy
COURT Italy
CRYSTALS Italy
LA CURVA DI LESMO Italy
GINO D'ELISO Italy
GIANNI D'ERRICO Italy
DALLAGLIO Italy
DALTON Italy
DE DE LIND Italy
DELIRIUM Italy
MAURIZIO DI TOLLO Italy
I DIK DIK Italy
DISTILLERIE DI MALTO Italy
DIVAE Italy
DUEMILA12 Italy
ECLISSE Italy
EDERA Italy
EDGAR ALLAN POE Italy
EGO Italy
EGONON Italy
EMPIRE Italy
ENEIDE Italy
ENIMA Italy
ENTITY Italy
EQUIPE 84 Italy
ERA DI ACQUARIO Italy
ERIS PLUVIA Italy
ERRATA CORRIGE Italy
L' ESTATE DI SAN MARTINO Italy
EUTHYMIA Italy
EXPLOIT Italy
LA FABBRICA DELL'ASSOLUTO Italy
FABIO CELI E GLI INFERMIERI Italy
FALENA Italy
FEM PROG BAND Italy
FESTA MOBILE Italy
FILARMONICA MUNICIPALE LACRISI Italy
FILORITMIA Italy
FINISTERRE Italy
FLEA Italy
FLOATING STATE Italy
RICCARDO FOGLI Italy
FOGLIE DI VETRO Italy
FONETICA Italy
FORMULA 3 Italy
FABIO FRIZZI Italy
CLAUDIO FUCCI Italy
FUFLUNS Italy
GARYBALDI Italy
GENCO PURO & CO. Italy
GENFUOCO Italy
GERMINALE Italy
FRANCO MARIA GIANNINI Italy
GIARDINI D'AUTUNNO Italy
GIARDINO DELLE DELIZIE Italy
I GIGANTI Italy
GIGI PASCAL E LA POP COMPAGNIA MECCANICA Italy
IL GIRO STRANO Italy
GLEEMEN Italy
GOBLIN Italy
GOBLIN REBIRTH Italy
GRAN TURISMO VELOCE Italy
GREENWALL Italy
GRIMALKIN Italy
GRUPPO 2001 Italy
GUERCIA Italy
H2O Italy
HOMUNCULUS RES Italy
HOPO Italy
HORUS Italy
HÍSTSONATEN Italy
HUNKA MUNKA Italy
IANVA Italy
IBIS Italy
IL FAUNO DI MARMO / THE REBUS Italy
INGRANAGGI DELLA VALLE Italy
J.E.T. Italy
JACULA Italy
JANUS Italy
JESTER'S JOKE Italy
JET LAG Italy
JUMBO Italy
KALISANTROPE Italy
KUNDALINI SHAKTI DEVI Italy
LABIRINTO DI SPECCHI Italy
LAGARTIJA Italy
LAPERA Italy
LASER Italy
LATTE E MIELE Italy
LUCIANO LAURINI Italy
LEO NERO Italy
I LEONI Italy
LETHE Italy
LIBRA Italy
LINEATEORICA Italy
LOCANDA DELLE FATE Italy
EMILIO LOCURCIO Italy
LOCUS AMOENUS Italy
LOGOS Italy
LOST TALES Italy
LOTHLORIEN Italy
MACROSCREAM Italy
MAD CRAYON Italy
MADRUGADA Italy
MAGNOLIA Italy
MALAAVIA Italy
MALIBRAN Italy
MALLEUS Italy
MANGALA VALLIS Italy
LE MANI Italy
MARCHESI SCAMORZA Italy
LA MASCHERA DI CERA Italy
MAURY E I PRONOMI / AQUAEL Italy
MAXOPHONE Italy
MEDITERRANEA Italy
MELLONTA TAUTA Italy
MESSAGGIO 73 Italy
METAMORFOSI Italy
MINDFLOWER Italy
MINSTREL Italy
MIRAGE Italy
MO.DO. Italy
MÍBIUS PROJECT Italy
LORENZO MONNI Italy
MONTEFELTRO Italy
MOSAICO Italy
IL MUCCHIO Italy
MURPLE Italy
MUSEO ROSENBACH Italy
FRANCO MUSSIDA Italy
MYROS Italy
LA N.A.V.E. Italy
NARROW PASS Italy
NASCITA DELLA SFERA Italy
NATHAN Italy
NEW TROLLS Italy
NEW TROLLS ATOMIC SYSTEM Italy
NICOSIA & C. INDUSTRIA MUSICALE Italy
NODO GORDIANO Italy
NOTABENE Italy
I NUMI Italy
NUOVA ERA Italy
NUOVA IDEA Italy
OBSCURA Italy
THE ODEJA Italy
ODISSEA Italy
OFFICINA MECCANICA Italy
L' OMBRA DELLA SERA Italy
OMBRALUCE Italy
LE ORME Italy
ORNITHOS Italy
OSAGE TRIBE Italy
OSANNA Italy
IL PAESE DEI BALOCCHI Italy
MAURO PAGANI Italy
PANDA FIGHT CLUB Italy
PANDORA Italy
PANE Italy
PANGEA Italy
PANNA FREDDA Italy
MARIO PANSERI Italy
PANTHER & C Italy
PARADISO A BASSO PREZZO Italy
IL PARADISO DEGLI ORCHI Italy
MAURO PELOSI Italy
I PENNELLI DI VERMEER Italy
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