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Larry Young

Jazz Rock/Fusion

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Larry Young Unity album cover
3.76 | 13 ratings | 3 reviews | 38% 5 stars

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Studio Album, released in 1966

Songs / Tracks Listing

1. Zoltan (7:36)
2. Monk's Dream (5:45)
3. If (6:42)
4. The Moontrane (7:18)
5. Softly, As in a Morning Sunrise (6:20)
6. Beyond All Limits (6:00)

Total time: 39:41

Line-up / Musicians

- Larry Young / Hammond organ

- Woody Shaw / trumpet
- Joe Henderson / tenor saxophone
- Elvin Jones / drums

Releases information

Artwork: Reid Miles

LP Blue Note ‎- BST 84221 (1966, US)
LP Blue Note ‎- ST 84221 (2014, Europe)

CD Blue Note ‎- CDP 7 84221 2 (1987, US) Remastered by Ron McMaster
CD Blue Note ‎- 7243 4 97808 2 8 (1999, US) Remastered by Rudy Van Gelder

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LARRY YOUNG Unity ratings distribution

(13 ratings)
Essential: a masterpiece of progressive rock music(38%)
Excellent addition to any prog rock music collection(46%)
Good, but non-essential (8%)
Collectors/fans only (8%)
Poor. Only for completionists (0%)

LARRY YOUNG Unity reviews

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Collaborators/Experts Reviews

Review by Easy Money
SPECIAL COLLABORATOR Honorary Collaborator / Retired Admin
3 stars With the release of Unity in 1965, Larry Young finally leaves behind his blues/jazz roots and pushes his music into new territories only hinted at on previous albums, and he brings the Hammond B-3 organ into new and more progressive areas as well. The Hammond was originally invented for home and church use, Jimmie Smith shocked the jazz world in the early 50s when he began playing a blues-based hard bop jazz style with the B-3 as the lead instrument. This bluesy approach to the Hammond became a classic sound that continues to this day in metropolitan clubs around the world under the moniker acid jazz.

As a committed B-3 player, the young Larry had started out playing in the traditional Jimmie Smith style, but by the time he had signed with Blue Note he began to show a restless explorative side that was trying out new sounds and styles on the Hammond. Unity is Young's first fully realized and original album and it features a style of post-bop that has some similarities to the classic Miles Davis Quintet and some of Herbie Hancock's mid 60s solo work. This style uses the rough no-nonsense melodies of 60s RnB and then moves into improvisations that are abstract, esoteric and based somewhat on the harmonies of early 20th century composers. The difference in the case of Larry Young is that he is using a B-3 instead of a piano, which brings a whole new sound to the world of post bop jazz.

This is a very good jazz album and it gets rave reviews from most critics, but this isn't my favorite Larry Young album. I miss some of the off-kilter quirkiness that is so appealing on many of his other albums. In some ways, as a long time Larry Young fan, I almost think this album is a little too professional, but maybe that is just me.

Throughout this album Larry burns up the keys on his B-3 and shows once again that he may still be the best Hammond player ever. You can also hear the quartal voicings and scale runs that influenced British prog-rockers like Brian Auger and Keith Emerson. Larry's band mates on here are also impressive, especially drummer Elvin Jones. The Monk inspired Monk's Dream features Elvin and Larry in a duet setting, and what a crazy roller coaster of rhythm and angular scale runs this one turns out to be. Young and Jones seem to be having a blast as they practically deconstruct the song into scattered shards of what it started out to be and use sly humor to cleverly re-structure it's content.

If you like that style of dry intellectual post-bop favored by the likes of Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock and Wayne Shorter, or if you are interested in the roots of jazz fusion and the first stepping stones towards the use of the B-3 in early progressive rock, then you might enjoy this fine set by the great Larry Young.

Review by ExittheLemming
4 stars Bashin....the predictable Jimmy Smith

Prior to this I believed that Jimmy Smith had completely monopolised the jazz organ domain during his lifetime but not so, as this excellent album can testify. Although it certainly inhabits a harsher and less accessible landscape than that explored by Smith, it will reward your time by being perhaps one of the less daunting routes to enter the forbidding world of hard/post bop. First of all please don't expect this to sound conventionally proggy in the least as you are listening to a 'straight no (sound)chaser' jazz album y'all?.

Visitors to this site will be familiar with the name Larry Young from the subsequent stints he did with Tony Williams Lifetime, Miles Davis (Bitches Brew) Carlos Santana, John McLaughlin and various other very badly dressed men in the burgeoning fusion movement of the early 70's.

At this point in his career after signing to the famous Blue Note label, there was a palpable modal influence to much of Young's playing via the avowed inspiration from developments in this area by John Coltrane and Ornette Coleman. Considering he was only 25 at the time, Young certainly betrays no sign of being fazed by his illustrious and considerably more experienced sidemen of Woody Shaw (trumpet) Joe Henderson (saxophone) and Elvin Jones (drums)

Many of you may ask on first acquaintance with this album, and with good reason, Who plays the bass on this dude? Please be aware that Mr Young provides all the slinky bass lines heard on Unity using his foot pedals on the organ. Think about this for a moment, is that independence of four limbs OR WHAT? Jimmy Smith also dispensed with a dedicated bass player in identical fashion, but I suspect that this was more to avoid the session fees involved. (Jimmy was a notoriously grumpy git by all anecdotal accounts).

The good news is that very little here sounds remotely like the sort of jazz standards filler that Mr Smith used to clutter most of his trio records with. (I'm always exasperated by those jazzers who choose any old scrapyard wreck with which to show off their advanced driving skills)

Zoltan - presumably Shaw drew his inspiration from the Hungarian composer Zoltan Kodaly (a contemporary and drinking buddy/golf partner of Bartok?) This starts with Jones tongue in cheek (but still swinging) military march snare before heading off into a main theme that somehow transcends the inherent stiffness of any 2/4 pulse in a quite delightful way. Very effective and simple symmetry employed by ending the tune with a reprise of Jones parade ground snare.

Monk's Dream - It's hardly surprising that a tune from (the loneliest) Monk should elicit a nod of accord from Young, as both he and the composer share a fondness for angular motifs and unresolved harmonic destinations that lend their music a neurotic listless feel. Like so many of Monk's edgy and alien melodies, this is another that will invade your cranium unbidden, unidentified and usually at 4 am. (see Well You Needn't for an instance of a tune that becomes tantamount to a sleep virus) Elvin Jones short drum solo and rippling toms to the end are an unfettered joy on this.

If - A Joe Henderson number that deploys bop's habitual fractured and dislocated melodic writing utilising large interval leaps. This makes this avenue of jazz somewhat hazardous to negotiate but perseverance is the key to avoid indoor road rage provoked by prog snobs who might 'cut you off'. Your steadfastness will be rewarded by the subtle and implied harmonic structure being eventually revealed.

The Moontrane - Woody Shaw's enduring and memorable composition proves a fine springboard for the whole band to plunge headlong into some exhilarating interplay and improvisation. Another glorious drum solo from Elvin Jones that is carefully paced and unflinchingly musical i.e. it has a beginning, a development and a conclusion.

Softly, As in a Morning Sunrise - The original song was written by Sigmund Romberg and Oscar Hammerstein for a musical The New Moon (nah, I've never heard of it/them either) Judging by the results here, I would imagine that Tuxedo habitués of Broadway would be at a loss to recognise same under the welter of bristling license as taken by Young and Co. If this is a morning sunrise fellas, none of you ain't slept. (Darkness at noon more like, and transparently ironic)

Beyond All Limits - Despite my nagging dread inferred from the title, this does not generate into free form jazz wank mercifully. However it does deploy another common bop technique by using what I think are called 'through composed solos' i.e. the improviser plays through the harmonic changes in a linear fashion with the phrasing, melodic shape and pivotal points all imposed thereon by the listener (What, you mean we have to make the tune up ourselves!?) At the lukewarm primordial soup level of my understanding of any type of jazz....Yep, sort of. You do get accustomed to it after a while, and just remember, you get to hear MANY differing melodies from repeated listening to the same source materials this way.

Here's the rub gentle readers:

How to appraise an unadulterated jazz album on a progressive rock website? I don't want us to get embroiled in another tiresome 'Is jazz prog ?' debate but it took PA's very own 'Easy Money' to explain patiently to your obtuse correspondent that the excellent addition to any prog music collection needn't necessarily be a prog album at all. (Seems painfully obvious now but what a silly furry critter I am)

Review by Kazuhiro
4 stars 「It has left as a musician and I want to have grown. And, it was influenced from John Coltrane and Cecil Taylor in various musicians. 」Music might not only be absorbed but also he is included in the real intention of his remark and the succession of a concept of the music and a mental part is included. The part of "Mode" and "Free" might be reflected enough for this album. And, posture that understood the music character that he had to succeed to for playing the organ enough and expressed it positively will have been one position that he had built for modern Jazz.

He departed this world young 37-year-old on March 30, 1978. It is said that the bizarre behavior stands out or it was not able to perform satisfactorily in the fall of life. However, the work left especially on business with Blue Note in the history of his music was a very high-quality work. The shape of the music that he had pursued in the flow of the mode jazz might have made a clear distinction. After Jimmy Smith reflects the shape of the organ in Jazz, it is said that there was time when the difficulty was felt in the approach of a variety of keyboard players to the position. It is not an exaggeration to say that the element that always caught the age from the mode and the idea that bases Free by Larry Young and built a new concept might have built the revolution and the style with an original methodology however.

Time when this album had been recorded was time when he had belonged to the religion. And, he was using time believer's name well when entering the 70's. It is learnt to say that he understands things at this time and it has the broad outlook through music. There is an opinion made that the part of Soul is insufficient for his performance for his music character, too. However, it is likely to have worked on music with the element with the artistry refined from the taste of Soul further for his music.

「I tried to become a genuine musician. And, it was able to be discovered that a lot of other matters that had to be done existed. I thought that I talked about people through music. 」The great achievement that a wonderful performance with LifeTime with Tony Williams and a reformative idea and oneself showed the talent as the the establishment of Jazz in various fields might be a point that should make a special mention. And, it will be sure to be one of the albums that this album is always loved by the fan. This album was recorded in New York on November 10, 1965.

"Zoltan" The march of the suite that Zoltan of the composer in Hungary composed to the introduction part is used. Sax of Joe Henderson that brings element of Free in to rhythm of Latin fast as theme centering on form of AABA. And, it performs and Ad-Rib of Woody Shaw that plays a perfect unison. All of musicians' performances might be powerful. The performance of Larry Young that has succeeded to the spirit of Coltrane might be also indeed splendid.

"Monk's Dream" is a tune of Thelonious Monk with the form of AABA. The tune progresses around the theme of a very glossy organ. The performance of Duo by Elvin Jones that plays Larry Young to make good use of the foot pedal with a bold rhythm might exactly have power. Solo of Elvin Jones to answer the part at the same time as reflecting the flow of the mode that Larry Young thinks about in the melody and Ad-Rib of the tune also continues the quality of the tune.

"If" is a tune written by Joe Henderson. Flow of nature that shifts from Solo to Solo of trumpet to which Sax in addition to theme with complex melody explodes. And, it knows the mode jazz and the melody of the organ carried out with which fast and slow overflows. Ensemble is splendidly done.

"The Moontrane" is a tune written by Woody Shaw. It indeed has the theme to feel the element of new the establishment of the mode jazz to be enough. It shifts from the trumpet to Sax and it ties to the organ Solo. Cymbals legato of smart Elvin Jones continues the atmosphere of the tune. And, it flows. move from Solo of the organ to drum SoloShift to theme. This flow indeed draws the flow of the mode jazz.

"Softly As A Morning Sunrise" is one of the tunes that represent the tune of standard jazz. The flow of the theme and Solo caught from a music character at that time at the time of drew the flow of the mode jazz might be suitable as the flow of the album. Trumpet from Sax. And, the listener will feel the tasty flavor if it listens to the shift of Solo of the organ. The composition of the tune that continues the dash feeling to the last minute is a masterpiece.

It is said that "Beyond All Limits" that decorates the end of the album is a tune that Woody Shaw wrote at 18-year-old time. Solo of Sax to continue theme that progresses rapidly and the element. And, Solo that the trumpet that sweetens the pie to own tune is fast. And, rhythmically of the drum that often takes the element of Latin perfect. The performance with an exactly powerful performance of Larry Young is developed.

An always popular in work that Larry Young left Blue Note album is this "Unity". The fact from which this album was caught as new the establishment by the listener in the work of jazz at that time might be a part that becomes one shape as a music character at that time at the time of advocated it by Larry Young, exists, and is proportional to the flow.

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