Header

CONTINENTAL CIRCUS

Gong

Canterbury Scene


From Progarchives.com, the ultimate progressive rock music website

Gong Continental Circus album cover
2.95 | 95 ratings | 12 reviews | 7% 5 stars

Good, but non-essential


Write a review
Buy GONG Music
from Progarchives.com partners
Studio Album, released in 1971

Songs / Tracks Listing

Side A:
1. Blues For Findlay
2. Continental Circus World
Side B:
3. What Do You Want?
4. Blues For Findlay (Instrumental)

Cd bonus:
5. Blues For Findlay (Live '72)
6. Flying Teapot (Live '72)

Lyrics

Search GONG Continental Circus lyrics

Music tabs (tablatures)

Search GONG Continental Circus tabs

Line-up / Musicians

- Daevid Allen / guitar, vocals
- Didier Malherbe / saxes, flute, vocals
- Pip Pyle / drums
- Gilli Smyth / vocals
- Christian Titsch / bass

Releases information

Lp. Philips 6332 033 / Cd. Mantra 089 164 (1994) / Giacomo 777 (1994)

Thanks to ProgLucky for the addition
Edit this entry

GONG MP3, Free Download (music stream)


Open extended player in a new pop-up window | Random Playlist (50) | How to submit new MP3s

Buy GONG Continental Circus Music


GazeuseGazeuse
Import
EMI Europe Generic 1990
Audio CD$5.19
$8.00 (used)
YouYou
Extra tracks · Remastered
Caroline 2004
Audio CD$6.24
$4.67 (used)
Camembert ElectriqueCamembert Electrique
Snapper Music Group 2001
Audio CD$6.66
$8.99 (used)
Right Now on Ebay (logo)
GONG Downwind. Steve Winwood. Mick Taylor Mike Oldfield Rock LP NM US $14.89 Buy It Now 53m 35s
BIG YOUTH LIVE AT REGGAE SUNSPLASH 1984 Cassette Tape Tuff Gong Roots Reggae US $13.42 [0 bids]
1h 49m
RITA MARLEY - ONE DRAW / THE BEAUTY OF GODS PLAN / TUFF GONG - 1980 US $0.98 [1 bids]
2h 35m
Tim Blake - Crystal Machine CD FRENCH 1st PRESS CD *RARE* prog/space/Gong US $16.00 [9 bids]
2h 36m
Tim Blake - New Jerusalem CD FRENCH 1st PRESS CD *RARE* prog/space/Gong US $21.50 [9 bids]
2h 39m
GONG FLYING TEAPOT PART 1 VINYL LP RECORD 12" GATEFOLD UK ORIGINAL US $61.24 Buy It Now 2h 50m
MIGHTY DIAMONDS - WICKED MAN 12" BAD GONG LABEL ?? US $19.99 Buy It Now 4h 14m
Expresso II by Gong (CD, 1989 Virgin) US $10.00 [0 bids]
US $14.00 Buy It Now
6h 15m
Gong : Planet Gong CD US $13.37 Buy It Now 7h 57m
Mother Gong and Daevid Allen : Wild Child/Australia Aquaria Ahe (2CDs) (2001) US $8.09 Buy It Now 8h 27m
Gong - Angel's Egg (Radio Gnome Invisible, Vol. 2, 2004) US $9.71 [0 bids]
11h 25m
SINGER GONG-GIRL CD US $2.99 [0 bids]
13h 19m
Sometime robert Lloyd italo disco GONG 002 US $43.99 Buy It Now 14h 40m
PAUL YOUNG WITH THE Q-TIPS..live GONG 1001 1982/1984 US $34.99 Buy It Now 14h 40m
GONG - OPIUM FOR THE PEOPLE - NEW CD US $10.00 Buy It Now 15h 26m
The Torpedoes(CD Album)The Gong Show-Zip Records-ZIP054-US US $10.29 Buy It Now 15h 41m
GONG History And Mystery Of The Planet CD UK 23 tracks Thunderbolt CDTB116 US $4.99 [0 bids]
15h 44m
MOONFLOWERS Groovepower Big Fast Dub EP Gong Buttholes US $8.11 Buy It Now 15h 51m
BUNNY WAILER So Much Trouble/For Ever Loving Jah 12" Tuff Gong Records US $7.99 Buy It Now 16h 18m
Blame Lucy : Gong Show CD (1998) US $4.03 Buy It Now 16h 59m
Allan Holdsworth ?- I.O.U. US orig' PRIVATE LP 1982 Gong Soft Machine US $24.99 Buy It Now 17h 23m
Allan Holdsworth - Atavachron Japan orig' Warner-Pioneer LP Gong Soft Machine US $34.99 Buy It Now 17h 28m
Allan Holdsworth - Sand Japan Japanese orig' Victor LP Gong Soft Machine US $39.99 Buy It Now 17h 33m
Caravan Better by Far SEALED 2004 UK rem CD Steeleye Span Renaissance Camel Gong US $23.95 Buy It Now 17h 34m
Caravan All Over You...Too SEALED 2000 UK CD Jethro Tull Gong Mirage Centipede US $21.95 Buy It Now 17h 34m
GONG - GONGMAISON - NEW CD US $9.44 Buy It Now 17h 49m
QUASI - American Gong - 2xCD US $17.02 Buy It Now 17h 53m
Gong - Expresso LP - Virgin Demo/Promo NM Prog from 1977 Bauer Cinelou, etc. US $10.99 [0 bids]
17h 58m
Rita & The Soulettes Tuff Gong Ive Been Lonely / Version Vg/vg+!nice US $89.95 [0 bids]
18h 18m
013 BOB MARLEY-SCREW FACE & VERSION-TUFF GONG-1971 REGGAE 45 7" US $49.99 [0 bids]
18h 42m
The Never Ending Wailers Rare 1993 LP Vinyl Tuff Gong NM In Shrink Bob Marley US $24.99 Buy It Now 18h 47m
CAMEL MIRAGE CD KING CRIMSON CARAVAN GENTLE GIANT GENESIS YES VAN DER GRAF GONG US $4.99 [0 bids]
19h 9m
PLANET GONG 7" UK DIY punk HERE & NOW Alternative TV Daevid Allen NEW '77 STOCK US $12.95 Buy It Now 19h 36m
BOB MARLEY & THE WAILERS Orig US PS 45s Mix Up Buffalo Soldier Island Tuff Gong US $9.99 [0 bids]
19h 45m
JazzLP:PIERRE MOERLEN'S GONG -EXPRESSO II Arista Records 1978 Canada US $19.95 Buy It Now 19h 48m
GONG - Zero To Infinity, Made in the EU 180g 2LP, 2009 Vinyl Lovers - NEW US $27.98 Buy It Now 19h 50m
1140 KING ONEY-RAPHAEL STEWART-ONE VINCENT-BAD GONG-1978 REGGAE 45 7" US $19.00 Buy It Now 20h 4m
GONG - YOU NEW CD US $17.34 Buy It Now 20h 27m
BOB MARLEY & THE WAILERS - CONFRONTATION CD - REMASTERED - TUFF GONG / ISLAND US $1.62 [1 bids]
20h 39m
PLANET GONG import 45 w/ps POET FOR SALE / OPIUM FOR THE PEOPLE ~ AFFINITY VG++ US $11.25 Buy It Now 20h 43m
CD ~ GONG "Zero to Infinity" 2000 Mike Howlett, Daevid Allen, Gilli Smyth,Didier US $24.77 Buy It Now 20h 54m
"Reminiscence" Gong Yi Guqin & Luo Shou-Cheng Flute ??? US $9.99 Buy It Now 20h 56m
GONG FLYING TEAPOT GATEFOLD COVER LP CHARLY LABEL 914 US $49.99 Buy It Now 21h 48m
Daevid Allen Stroking The Tail Of The Bird Parts 1 & 2 CD NEW SEALED 1999 Gong US $9.71 Buy It Now 21h 54m
Marley,damian Jr Gong - Welcome To Jamrock NEW CD US $7.96 Buy It Now 22h 12m
Marcia Griffiths -- Rock My Soul (1984 Tuff Gong) US $5.00 [0 bids]
22h 20m
REGGAE ROOTS - JAH KINGDOM LP Burning Spear Tuff Gong Label VG++ Jamaica Import US $9.99 [0 bids]
22h 31m
Gong - You [CD New] US $10.28 Buy It Now 23h 3m
Daevid Allen- now is the happiest time for you (SHM-CD) (Gong, soft machine) US $47.99 Buy It Now 23h 13m
Daevid Allen- bananna moon (SHM-CD) (Gong) Japanese mini lp US $47.99 Buy It Now 23h 28m
Daevid Allen- divided alien playbax 80 (SHM-CD) (Gong) Japanese mini lp US $47.99 Buy It Now 23h 32m
Daevid Allen- n'existe pas! (SHM-CD) (Gong) Japanese mini lp US $47.99 Buy It Now 23h 34m
45 REGGAE: MIGHTY DIAMONDS Let Jah Sun Shine BAD GONG RECORDS ? US $14.95 Buy It Now 23h 51m
GONG Expresso LP 1976 Virgin V 2074 Holdsworth Bauer Cenilou Moerlen Moze Prog US $10.00 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong : Flying Teapot CD (1999) US $13.36 Buy It Now 1 day
FUNKY GONG - Blow - CD US $19.05 Buy It Now 1 day
Burnin' by The Wailers/Bob Marley (CD, Jan-1994, Tuff Gong) US $2.99 [0 bids]
US $7.99 Buy It Now
1 day
Tuff Gong - Various Artist at Christmas Stephens [CD] New Sealed SS Unopen US $6.00 [0 bids]
1 day
BOB MARLEY AND THE WAILER REGGAE 45 "RAT RACE" TUFF GONG "HEAR" US $9.99 [0 bids]
1 day
GONG Flying Teapot UK Charly CD NM Prog US $9.99 Buy It Now 1 day
FUNKYMIX 91 LP Webbie Chris Brown The Game D4L Gong NEW US $9.99 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG GUO TAI: ON THE DOCKS - NEW CD US $12.68 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG - FAMILY JEWELS - NEW CD US $11.97 Buy It Now 1 day
PASCAL SCHUMACHER - HERE WE GONG [DIGIPAK] - NEW CD US $11.98 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG - YOU (RADIO GNOME INVISIBLE, VOL. 3) [3429020148344] - NEW CD US $20.50 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG GUO TAI: RAID ON THE WHITE TIGER REGIMENT - NEW CD US $12.68 Buy It Now 1 day
KINK GONG - ELECTRONIC WORLD - NEW CD US $13.76 Buy It Now 1 day
Eye - Mother Gong New & Sealed CD-JEWEL CASE Free Shipping US $23.39 Buy It Now 1 day
N'existe Pas by Daevid Allen (CD 2006 Digipak) Gong US $23.25 Buy It Now 1 day
PLANET GONG Opium For The People VG+ 1977 7 INCH 45 + PIC SLEEVE Affinity 101 US $5.00 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG: Live in Paris ~ Bataclan 1973 (CD, Mantra, 1990, France) RARE! VG+ US $19.95 [0 bids]
US $27.95 Buy It Now
1 day
Tree In Fish - Gong Mother New & Sealed Compact Disc Free Shipping US $25.78 Buy It Now 1 day
Parade - Matrices Gong New & Sealed Compact Disc Free Shipping US $16.13 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG CAMEMBERT ELECTRIQUE VINYL LP RECORD 12" US $46.37 Buy It Now 1 day
Bob Marley Exodus CD The Wailers Tuff Gong US $0.99 [1 bids]
1 day
Poster Size Advert 15x12 Gong on tour with Clearlight US $19.45 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG - Live In Sherwood Forest '75 (New CD) US $11.33 Buy It Now 1 day
Wailing Souls - Bounce Back / Sweetie (1983 12") Joe Gibbs, Tuff Gong US $24.30 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong Live at Sheffield 1974 cd jule case 1990 edition US $29.99 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong : Wingful of eyes CD US $7.18 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong Angel's Egg (LP) US $24.32 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong - Gazeuse! CD OBI US $17.99 Buy It Now 1 day
DAEVID ALLEN banana moon LP re ITALY PROG ROCK psych gong RARE oop[ L@@K US $19.99 [0 bids]
1 day
GONG VINEGAR JOE CARAVAN ALEX HARVEY Vintage Music Press Advert/Cutting 1974 US $19.45 Buy It Now 1 day
SEALED! Gong- Expresso 2- UK Virgin OVED 65 prog/rock Allan Holdsworth Lp MINT US $25.95 Buy It Now 1 day
T. REX Bolan Boogie Rare Japan CD No OBI Strip Get It On (Bang A Gong) US $9.99 [0 bids]
1 day
Love Is My Religion by Ziggy Marley (CD, Sep-2006, Tuff Gong) US $5.00 [0 bids]
1 day
Harrison George Cloud Nine Hungarian LP GONG US $14.00 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG, Live ETC 1977 Virgin Records VGD 3501 prog. Double Album UK US $22.00 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG, Expresso II, 1978 Virgin Records V 2099 US $18.00 Buy It Now 1 day
BALI 1928 I: GAMELAN GONG KEBYAR - NEW CD US $13.68 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG, Raidio Gnome Invisible part I, Flying Teapot, 1973 Virgin Records V 2002 US $62.00 Buy It Now 1 day
PROMO WHITE LABEL JAPAN OBI GONG LIVE ETC UNIQUE COVER US $129.99 Buy It Now 1 day
Gong - Angel's Egg (Radio Gnome Invisible Part II) (NEW 12" VINYL LP) US $29.16 Buy It Now 1 day
GONG YOU CD Radio Gnome Daevid Allen 2004 US $4.00 [0 bids]
1 day
Gong "Continental Circus" Phillips '71 French LP Soundtrack US $32.99 [0 bids]
1 day
Unite by Kreyol Syndikat (PROMO CD, Jul-1997, Tuff Gong) US $2.49 Buy It Now 1 day
DAMIAN "JR. GONG" MARLEY WHERE IS THE LOVE IT WAS WRITTEN 12" PROMO (REGGAE) US $5.50 [0 bids]
US $7.15 Buy It Now
1 day
The Best of Mother Gong * NEW * Free Priority Shipping US $15.01 Buy It Now 1 day
Live! by Bob Marley/Bob Marley & the Wailers (CD, Jan-1994, Tuff Gong) Reggae US $8.00 Buy It Now 1 day

More places to buy GONG music online Buy GONG & Prog Rock Digital Music online:
  • AmazonMP3: Search for GONG DRM-Free MP3 Downloads @ AmazonMP3 (USA Only) | AmazonMP3 (UK Only)

GONG Continental Circus ratings distribution


2.95
(95 ratings)
Essential: a masterpiece of progressive rock music(7%)
7%
Excellent addition to any prog rock music collection(22%)
22%
Good, but non-essential (43%)
43%
Collectors/fans only (26%)
26%
Poor. Only for completionists (1%)
1%

GONG Continental Circus reviews


Showing all collaborators reviews and last reviews preview | Show all reviews/ratings

Collaborators/Experts Reviews

Review by Sean Trane
SPECIAL COLLABORATOR Prog Folk
3 stars A UFO in their carreer . If you enjoy this than listen to Obsolete from Dashiell Hedayatt as GonG delivers some the wildest music ever . Mind-boggling and highly energetic. This album is the soundtrack to a motorbike race in southern France (I think Le Bol D'Or ) , and it is even weirder that this hippy commune that Gong was at the time (a little like the Greateful Dead were in the US) must not have been well accepted by speed-BIKERS.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to Sean Trane (BETA) | Report this review (#27588) | Review Permalink
Posted Thursday, February 05, 2004

Review by soundsweird
PROG REVIEWER
1 stars Admittedly, I've only heard this album twice (once in the early 90's, once in the late 90's), but it did absolutely nothing for me. Nothing like any other Gong album, it obviously was recorded under the influence of way too much "COIT". All I remember was a lot of dense, impenetrable jamming. Hey, wait a minute! Now I know where Acid Mothers Temple stole their sound!! Seriously, I don't think I even heard the whole album, so I may be wrong on this one. But I sure didn't like what I heard.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to soundsweird (BETA) | Report this review (#27591) | Review Permalink
Posted Tuesday, February 08, 2005

Review by Tom Ozric
PROG REVIEWER
4 stars This was my very first Gong purchase back in 1989, and it floored me then, and still floors me now. I love the manic riffs, and relentless jamming within the lengthy tracks, Pip Pyle's tasteful drumming (sadly recently deceased - aint life unfair?) and Daevid's Glissandos can really catapult one's mind into the far reaches of the cosmos without ever leaving the bed- room. And no, I don't partake in herbal or fungal abuse either. Didier Malherbe's awesome sax playing has an unusual sound quality to it on this recording, kind of 'clicky' and thin. The album is built around 4 tracks, of which 'What do you Want?' is a variation of 'Fohat Digs Holes in Space' from the hilarious Camembert Electrique album a year earlier. Blues for Findlay comes in vocal and instrumental versions and niether out-stay their welcome. A way-cool space-rock album with touches of Canterbury - highly recommended.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to Tom Ozric (BETA) | Report this review (#89368) | Review Permalink
Posted Sunday, September 10, 2006

Review by UMUR
SPECIAL COLLABORATOR Honorary Collaborator
3 stars Continental Circus is the third album from psychadelic Canterbury influenced rock band Gong. The first two albums from Gong was IMO good allthough not excellent and Continental Circus continues the style even though itīs a bit more jamming than the previous two albums.

The album consists of only four tracks and even though the opener Blues for Findlay is over 10 minutes long the album is very short. Out of the first three Gong albums this is my least favorite one, but itīs still good. The trademark weirdness is there of course, but the emphasis is generally on the instrumental parts with lots of soloing from sax and guitar.

The musicianship is great. Gong is a very tight band.

The production is pretty raw, but still enjoyable.

The cover art isnīt the most beautiful thing, but as I understand from previous reviews the album is a tribute to a french car race and as the cover depicts a racecar driver itīs probably very suiting.

If youīre a Gong fan this will undoubtedly be in your collection, but if youīre new to the band I wouldnīt start here. Start with Camenbert Electrique or one of the Radio Gnome albums first. If you enjoy those this one will probably also be enjoyable to you even though itīs basically jamming all the way through. 3 stars will be my rating.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to UMUR (BETA) | Report this review (#179371) | Review Permalink
Posted Monday, August 11, 2008

Review by Warthur
PROG REVIEWER
2 stars Continental Circus is probably best regarded as a short demo EP showcasing the band's sound immediately prior to the recording of Camembert Electrique, since it includes one song later rerecorded under a different song title on that album, one song which is just quotes from the movie spliced together with musical extracts from here and there on the album and with a little Gilli Smyth space wailing added, and one original song (Blues for Findlay) which, whilst good, isn't so good that it deserves to be on the album twice (once in an instrumental version). If you're a full-on Gong scholar it's worth a listen, but it's not really for anyone who isn't a collector.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to Warthur (BETA) | Report this review (#480565) | Review Permalink
Posted Tuesday, July 12, 2011

Review by Neu!mann
PROG REVIEWER
2 stars The same band of counterculture bohemians better known at the time for an album with a namesake track titled "Mystic Sister/Magick Brother" may not have been the best choice to score a film about the rough-and-tumble world of competitive motorcycle racing. But a job's a job, and even the most dedicated hippies have to pay the rent.

The obvious highlight here is the twin bookend "Blues for Findlay", and not only because it takes up 60% of the finished LP. The tune kicks into gear using a little old-school rock 'n' roll energy (surprising for 1971, when Jazz and Classical were the fusions du jour), lots of exciting psychedelic guitar work courtesy of the inimitable Daevid Allen, and even a homeopathic dose of girlfriend Gille Smyth's patented 'space whispers'.

Too bad the song itself is often lame enough to make you cringe ("Hey, mister factory man, biding my time"...etc), making the separate instrumental version a welcome addition to the disc. Elsewhere, the punchy "What Do You Want?" fills the gap between the two "Findlays" with some attractive and suitably groovy Space Rock. But the title track is nothing more than a collage of movie sound effects, thus effectively turning an already abbreviated album into little more than a two-song EP.

Strictly speaking, the album was always a throwaway effort for Gong completists only. But let's be generous and award it a second star for discriminating collectors of Euro-Prog esoterica. Otherwise, file this one away as an earthbound detour from a band better suited to songs about extraterrestrial pothead pixies buzzing around in teacup UFOs.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Send comments to Neu!mann (BETA) | Report this review (#791355) | Review Permalink
Posted Friday, July 20, 2012

Latest members reviews

2 stars Well, this is a difficult one. A soundtrack to a French motorracing movie. If that movie really exists, I would like a copy. Or is the movie the Le Mans movie I already got ? Half of this album is good. That's when Daevid Allen does what he knows best. Creating a soundscape between naive pop ... (read more)

Report this review (#256586) | Posted by toroddfuglesteg | Thursday, December 17, 2009 | Review Permanlink

5 stars I only have the LP, which has the 4 tracks originally released. Only the Giacomo cd has the 2 extra live tracks, I think, and I heard that is a boot. 2 monster riffs, probably better said as 2 monster rhythms form the backbone of this album. They are the basis of 3 out of the 4 tracks (track ... (read more)

Report this review (#102196) | Posted by Caveman | Friday, December 08, 2006 | Review Permanlink

4 stars This Lp was for a number of years very hard to obtain in the UK. It had an almost legendary status among gongs fans possible because of that fact. We finally got a shipping from the continent and were not disappointed. Although this lp is clearly a soundtrack the music is certainly gong and fa ... (read more)

Report this review (#91308) | Posted by burgersoft777 | Saturday, September 23, 2006 | Review Permanlink

4 stars This could of been a great album,but unfortunatley it isn't.Blues For Findlay is the best track on the album,and one of my favorite songs from Gong,but they could of easilly shortened it to a 6 minute song instead of 11+ minutes. The rest of the album has it's moments,but unfortunatley,that's ... (read more)

Report this review (#60867) | Posted by Hendrix828 | Monday, December 19, 2005 | Review Permanlink

3 stars I really liked this album but I'm biassed and should explain. First I am a huge Gong fan having gone to many of their gigs and collected all their albums and offshoot albums as well as G.A.S. bootlegs. They were like a religion to me! Second, I used to race bikes and whilst I never actually saw J ... (read more)

Report this review (#40274) | Posted by | Monday, July 25, 2005 | Review Permanlink

4 stars This record is the soundtrack of a film by Jerome Lapperousaz, "Continental Circus". This beautiful film about GP motor bike races in Europe is centered around biker Jack Findlay. It shows races of course, dramatic accidents, funny incidents, but above all life on the road for these passionate ... (read more)

Report this review (#27592) | Posted by | Saturday, May 14, 2005 | Review Permanlink

Post a review of GONG "Continental Circus"

You must be a forum member to post a review, please register here if you are not.

MEMBERS LOGIN ZONE

As a registered member (register here if not), you can post rating/reviews (& edit later), comments reviews and submit new albums.

You are not logged, please complete authentication before continuing (use forum credentials).

Copyright Prog Archives, All rights reserved. | Legal Notice | Privacy Policy | Advertise | GeoIP Services by MaxMind | RSS + syndications

Other sites in the MAC network: JazzMusicArchives.com — the ultimate jazz music virtual community | MetalMusicArchives.com — the ultimate metal music virtual community


Server processing time: 0.49 seconds