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WIGWAM

Jazz Rock/Fusion • Finland


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Wigwam picture
Wigwam biography
Formed in 1968 - Disbanded in 1978 - Reformed in the 1990s and are still active (as of 2017)

Finland's WIGWAM were truly one of the pioneers of early progressive rock. The history of WIGWAM can be subdivided into two separate eras: the original or "old" WIGWAM of 1969-1974 and the "new" WIGWAM of 1974-1977. The two were dramatically different, in terms of personnel and overall sound. The music of this unique band is dominated by the piano and organ sounds, all of those wrapped up in a sometimes dark music filled with typical Scandinavian influences. There is some great interplay between all the musicians. It gives you the feeling they were doing this to stay warm!

Though not a classic album, "Tombstone Valentine" was the first WIGWAM album that seems to show the band members getting to grips with each ones individual musical desires. In many ways, "Fairyport" was a continuation of "Tombstone Valentine", but I would say it is a bit more experimental and progressive. Nowadays, this album is considered a classic within progressive rock circles and it has a number of features that make it stand out as one of the great progressive albums of the seventies. "Being" (1974) was the last album by the legendary Pembroke/Gustavson/Pohjola/Österberg lineup. This album is a concept album, with most of the music and lyrics written by Jukka GUSTAVSON. This is an essential album for any fan of progressive rock. In early 1975, the new lineup was up and released the album that became an instant classic, "Nuclear Nightclub". When the new titled "Dark Album" was released in late 1977, WIGWAM had ceased to exist.

In the nineties PEMBROKE, RECHARDT and GROUNDSTRÖM suprised many by coming back with a third edition of WIGWAM, but that's a whole new story, to be continued...

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WIGWAM discography


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WIGWAM top albums (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

3.45 | 81 ratings
Hard N' Horny
1969
3.06 | 81 ratings
Tombstone Valentine
1970
4.12 | 235 ratings
Fairyport
1971
3.86 | 165 ratings
Being
1974
3.38 | 118 ratings
Nuclear Nightclub
1975
3.26 | 76 ratings
Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose
1976
3.33 | 56 ratings
Dark Album
1977
2.80 | 31 ratings
Light Ages
1993
2.11 | 35 ratings
Titans Wheel
2002
2.87 | 29 ratings
Some Several Moons
2005

WIGWAM Live Albums (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

4.01 | 45 ratings
Live Music From the Twilight Zone
1975
3.73 | 17 ratings
Wigwam Plays Wigwam Live
2001
4.03 | 12 ratings
Pop-Liisa 3
2016
5.00 | 1 ratings
Live at Töölönranta 1975
2022
4.00 | 1 ratings
Live at Provinssirock 1991
2022

WIGWAM Videos (DVD, Blu-ray, VHS etc)

WIGWAM Boxset & Compilations (CD, LP, MC, SACD, DVD-A, Digital Media Download)

2.22 | 4 ratings
Wigwam
1972
4.18 | 11 ratings
Rumours on the Rebound
1979
2.14 | 3 ratings
Classics - The Rarest
1990
3.49 | 7 ratings
Hard N' Horny/Tombstone Valentine
1990
3.09 | 8 ratings
Highlights
1996
3.80 | 24 ratings
Fresh Garbage - Rarities 1969-1977
2000
0.00 | 0 ratings
Parhaat
2009
0.00 | 0 ratings
28 Songs from the Twilight Zone
2014

WIGWAM Official Singles, EPs, Fan Club & Promo (CD, EP/LP, MC, Digital Media Download)

2.43 | 6 ratings
Must Be The Devil / Greasy Kids' Stuff
1969
3.59 | 8 ratings
Luulosairas / Henry's Highway Code
1969
3.82 | 2 ratings
True Confession / Helsinki
1969
2.33 | 5 ratings
Pedagogi / Häätö
1970
3.93 | 5 ratings
Wishful Thinker / Call Me On Your Telephone
1971
4.05 | 10 ratings
Freddie are You Ready / Kite
1975
2.53 | 6 ratings
Tramdriver / Wardance
1975
2.17 | 3 ratings
Borders to Be Crossed / Planetstar
1993
2.00 | 2 ratings
Heaven In A Modern World
2002
2.91 | 2 ratings
Drive On Driver
2002

WIGWAM Reviews


Showing last 10 reviews only
 Live at Provinssirock 1991 by WIGWAM album cover Live, 2022
4.00 | 1 ratings

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Live at Provinssirock 1991
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

— First review of this album —
4 stars It was just accident I got into Wigwam in early eighties. I believe it was 1983. Prog got bad name in Finland that time and I really wasn´t even heard bands name. Anyway my brother´s schoolmate was going to throw Wigwam selftitled compilation cassette to trash can, when my brother took it himself instead. I was then interested all music new to me, so I listened that. I wasn´t impressed in the begin. I think big reason was that tape was deteriorated, so sound was really muddy. But some time after that I found Esko Lehtonen´s books about Finnish Rock from the library. After read about Wigwam I understood how important Wigwam had been in Finnish music. Then I heard "Freddie Are You Ready" from the radio and I was totally in that band! I bought all the albums that were in the local record shop. "Fairyport", "Live Music From the Twilight Zone", "Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose" and not even "Nuclear Nightclub" weren´t available as new then, but I managed to buy original version of the latter one from one local guy. Later I bought those others as second hand copies. Because Ronnie was dead I never imagined to hear them play alive. But good news came in the begin of 1991: Wigwam will reunite and play at least one gig in Provinssirock next summer! Of course it was sad news to me Jukka Gustavson and/or Pekka Pohjola would not be there, but I bought tickets! The line-up was same as in Töölönranta concert 1975, except Jan Noponen was in drums. Again Yle recorded and broadcast direct that concert and now those recordings have released in this album.

Originally gig started with "Just My Situation". They started most of their gigs after 1974 with that Pembroke´s solo album piece, it was already played in the last "old" Wigwam´s gigs. But again YLE failed and not recorded it, I am not sure, did Wigwam started too early or what was the reason. So the first song in this LP is "Wardance". It was really great moment in that gig, when Rekku´s great riff started! But then Jim started to sing that "I couldn´t care less of this song"-style and I was little disappointed. Originally he sang very tight in this great funky piece. In "Talking Brought Me Here" I really wondered what the h... they´re playing? Later I found out it was Jim´s eighties "Filthy Rich" bands song. It became one of the highlights in Wigwam´s 1993 "Light Ages"-album. But after that they gave relief to me and also others in the audience: "Save My Money And Name" was played and sang as it should. Some reason Pedro played accordion already in this, but it fitted well. I read from this album, that in "Nuclear Nightclub"-song studioversion had accordion, I just haven´t ever recognised it. Anyway version in Provinssirock was again just fine! Then came another piece that I wondered: "No New Games to Play". I hadn´t got Pembroke´s "Pigworm" then, so really didn´t know what song it was. Now listening this record they play it quite the same way as in Töölönranta-live. Great solo from Rekku! One of the concerts highlights to me was next song: "Eddie and the Boys". All the way so good feeling version!

The second vinyl of this release consist just classic material of 1974-77 line-up, mostly from "Nuclear Nightclub". In "Kite" Pembroke´s singing is again quite false for some reason. I really would have hoped Hietanen had taken moog with him in this concert, because the song intro sounded just awful. But it´s ok he uses organ sound in "Do Or Die"´s solo. But even Rekku hadn´t got his Hoyer-guitar and phaser effect, his playing was absolutely great all the songs! It´s same in "Freddie Are You Ready": really miss the moog, but Rekku´s magic chords sound like they should! Pembroke´s singing goes better song by song. In the gigs last piece "Bless Your Lucky Stars" intensity rises really high! And again terrific solo from Rekku! Of course they got encore and it was "Grass For Blades" that ended their gigs in the seventies and also was played by "old" Wigwam. Pembroke forgets words in the first verse, but all the way this version is very good with solos both Hietanen and Rechardt.

When I put this album first time on, I had really warm and nostalgic feeling! I think this is the first concert, where I have been that has released as album! In Provinssirock Wigwam wasn´t at it´s best, but still it´s such a great live album! I recommend "Live at Provinssi" much more than "Wigwam Plays Wigwam"-album, because drummer Jan Noponen is so much better than Jari Kettunen. Although Kotilainen has the original keyboards in that other live, Hietanen can´t ruin everything with his too modern synth in this album. After Jim Pembroke´s death I believe we haven´t got possibility to see Wigwam concert anymore. But it´s great there comes these old live albums! There is already coming "Live At Natsa 1971" in November. Although other pieces of that album except "Fairyport" have released already in "Fresh Garbage"-collection, I really wait that! Naturally one big reason is that it is from the greatest Wigwam line-up!

 Live at Töölönranta 1975 by WIGWAM album cover Live, 2022
5.00 | 1 ratings

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Live at Töölönranta 1975
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

— First review of this album —
5 stars When this album was recorded and broadcasted straight by Finnish YLE, future was very promising to Wigwam. Band just got record deal with Virgin Records and there would be tours in UK and Europe. New keyboard player Heikki "Pedro" Hietanen had joined in them few weeks ago, when Esa Kotilainen decided not to join in band after played keyboards in forth coming album. "Nuclear Nightclub" would be released in 9 days after this gig. So the audience had heard only single "Freddie Are You Ready" before. But band didn´t play just "Nuclear" songs, there were also two new songs and one from Jim Pembroke´s second solo album. To Wigwam fans there is nothing new in this release, "A Better Hold (and a little view)", "Never Turn You In" and "No New Games To Play" were released in rariety compilation "Fresh Garbage" and rest had been bonus songs on "Nuclear Nightclub"-CD version. I haven´t got that CD, so I heard those songs first time! Also I think it´s great this whole gig is now on same release.

"a Better Hold (and a Little View) starts without any audience noise or introductions. Maybe they did cutting afterwards in the YLE studio. This song was never released in Wigwam album, but in the great Pembroke´s third solo "Corporal Cauliflowers Mental Function". Never been my big favorite, but I think there is best version of the song in this album! It can be heard musicians really enjoy their playing! Next we hear YLE hoast Erkki Lehtola telling this is the first of many concerts broadcasted straight by YLE and also introducting the band. His style was very typical of that time in that only Finnish radio channel, quite official, rigid and maybe little bit arrogant (pop music wasn´t recpected that time in that channel). Then they play "Do Or Die" in a very same terrific way as in "Nuclear". It´s great Hietanen had moog this time as Esa Kotilainen had in the album, I think he later didn´t use it in gigs. His solo is quite short, but Rekku´s is so magnificent! "Never Turn You In" is my big Wigwam favorites! They made little bit shorter arrangement in their next "Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose"-album. This is the only live version from this great song! Next comes little bit embarrassed Måsse´s interview, I am glad most people don´t understand Finnish!

Vinyl B-side starts with their recently released single piece of that day. It´s as perfect as studio version, of course you can miss studioversion´s marimba. "Simple Human Kindness" is together with "Bless Your Lucky Stars" the most prog songs in this album. Both are played just so great! Last song in the gig and also in this album is "No New Games To Play" that was originally in Jim Pembroke´s "Pigworm"-album. But in this version there is long Rekku´s solo where he really shows his talents! I believe if Rekku had lived in UK, he would have become same kind of guitar hero as Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck etc. He really had style, to me it sounded he never played juts showing his talents, there was always ideas in his playing, also love that phased sound! Sadly this song will fade out just after Rekku´s solo, because the program time was finished. It seems they didn´t record the whole song in that straight broadcast.

Although my favorite Wigwam period is 1969-74, I just had to give five stars into this! Just because it is so perfect live album! But really that doesn´t mean some kind of clean coldness, there really is warmth in their awesome playing! Yeah, I am big Wigwam fanboy, but hard to believe anyone who likes seventies artists like Roxy Music, ELO and David Bowie can not also love Wigwam´s music of this time! This release really hasn´t got nothing to do with jazz rock/fusion, the category where Wigwam has put into Progarchives. "Live Music From the Twilight Zone" and also "Pop Liisa 3" will stay my favorite live albums from them, but really you can hear how the band got back the great atmosphere when comparing "Live at Töölönranta" into "Twilight Zone" times! Absolutely this is their best live recording after 1974! But I hope there will come also vinyl release of their 1976 Liisankatu studio recordings.

 Wishful Thinker / Call Me On Your Telephone by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 1971
3.93 | 5 ratings

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Wishful Thinker / Call Me On Your Telephone
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

4 stars Here´s another obscurity in Wigwam´s discography also connected to their second album producer Kim Fowley. When Kim was leaving back to US after Tombstone Valentine sessions, he promised there will be also US release of the album. Band members didn´t take him seriously, maybe they thought Kim would forget Wigwam soon, when noticed it will not become next Beatles. But already in the same year there came promo and special edition, 2lp versions of Tombstone Valentine and official 2lp version next year. And from the album was released this single! To me it seems Blues Section was even dearer to Kim, because in Discogs it seems their piece "Call Me On Your Telephone" is on the A-side and Wigwam piece is on B! Also in the US double album in the second album there are only 2 songs from Wigwam and rest are from Blues Section (one Kirka´s piece together with BS). Just noticed Fowley also managed to release album in Italy, also in Verve Forecast-label! Sales of the album and the single weren´t big, but still I think it was quite an achievement from that time Finnish band!

The Band was a big influence to Wigwam, maybe even bigger than Beatles or other 60 bands group members listened. You can really hear that in "Wishful Thinker". But although influences are clearly heard, it´s really beautiful song, really one of the Pembroke´s best! Also Pembroke´s BS piece "Call Me On Your Telephone" is one of his great ones, when it came first time 1967 in Finland, it really put Finnish music into another, very international level! So it´s very easy to give this single four stars.

 True Confession / Helsinki by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 1969
3.82 | 2 ratings

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True Confession / Helsinki
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

4 stars This single is really a rare obscurity in Wigwam´s discography! Released only in US as promotional purposes I think it was Kim Fowley who managed to release this through Imperial records just before he came to Finland to produce Wigwam´s second album. He´s interest to Wigwam woke, when he read from Rolling Stone that Wigwam will follow the steps of "Abbey Road" by the Beatles and "Tommy" by the Who in their first album. Not sure was it also Lester Bangs who said next Beatles will come from Scandinavia (he wasn´t totally wrong when thinking how big Abba became). Haven´t heard anywhere, why Fowley didn´t got any Wigwam-material to release this single. I have heard he was very impulsive guy, so I guess he thought the material of former Blues Section will be fine.

True Confession really is "End Of the Poem" from the first Blues Section album and Helsinki is "East Is Red" from the same album. Blues Section was the same kind of originator of Finnish prog scene as Wilde Flowers was to Canterbury scene, members of Blues Section will become to Wigwam and Tasavallan Presidentti. Although "True Confession" is composed by BS guitarist Hasse Walli, it´s very near of the beauty of Pembroke´s compositions. String arrangement made by Otto Donner really fulfill the greatness of this piece! "Helsinki" is originally short, Chinese trad song so it´s typical B-side of that time. Although A-side is not true Wigwam, it´s just so genius piece that I have to give it four stars!

 Drive On Driver by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 2002
2.91 | 2 ratings

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Drive On Driver
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

3 stars ...And here it comes, the worst Wigwam song first on this single. But have to say this very cheerful stadiumrock piece doesn´t sound as bad anymore, when listening it in my almost five decades age. I can admit I have become more serene when becoming older and like also this kind of entertaining music. But what´s most interesting in this single band seemed not to believe anymore they can trade fridge´s to polar bears, because they added "The Lost Lizard King" into this. It´s all the way really different and so much greater than the first piece. I think they should understand in the first place after their comebacks the only way to achieve success is to make their own music, not some "Wigwam-americana". In vinyl edition of "Titans Wheel" Rekku tells that lyrics of this Lizard King as also lyrics in the albums title song tells about Osama Bin Laden. It was only half years from WTC attacks when band recorded this album and those have shocked lyrics maker Jim Pembroke.

When Wigwam recorded their final album "Some Several Moons" they have understood they will never become internationally succeeded, so they didn´t release any single from that. This was the final single from the band in it´s active years. I am glad they add "Lizard King" into this, so it rise this single into three stars.

 Heaven In A Modern World by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 2002
2.00 | 2 ratings

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Heaven In A Modern World
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

2 stars When Wigwam made another comeback in 2000, that wasn´t me anymore that kind of big thing as it was in 1991. Afterwards it is very easy to understand, why they did it again. In the nineties Finland wasn´t ready to prog, but in the begin of 2000 there was even bigger interest to prog than ever! Everything went quite the same way as almost ten years before. Wigwam made one gig in Ruisrock, they felt playing together was really cool and also there seems to be even more audience this time. I wasn´t in those gigs, but one of my friend bought their "Titans Wheel" album when it came in 2002. Really have to say album sounded awful then and I just couldn´t find anything great from it! Recorded it into cassette and listened few times. But when Svart records released it as vinyl in the 50th celebration year of Wigwam, I bought it and have to say I have warmed it a lot. There are really good songs like the starting "Remains To Be Seen", title song and "The Lost Lizard King" that has the old Wigwam magic.

But then there are songs like this they released as first single from the album. Stadium rock with "vooou" in the chorus - nooooo. I believe it was again the same hope: maybe the polar bears will buy fridge´s in the US? Really didn´t buy this single when it came, so I don´t know does radio edit version differ much from the album version. But have to say "Heaven In a Modern World" is not the worst song in Titans Wheel, they left it into next single.

 Borders to Be Crossed / Planetstar by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 1993
2.17 | 3 ratings

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Borders to Be Crossed / Planetstar
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

2 stars Wigwam´s comeback gig in 1991 Provinssirock was a really big thing to me! I found band in the eighties and then I would have never thought to see them alive! Of course I felt little bit sad it was 1975 line-up that did comeback and from the first it was clear, they´re going to play mostly only pieces from Nuclear Nightclub and albums after that. But anyway that was a really great gig! But when they have toured a year playing only old material, they had to quit or start to make new material. So they decided to make an new album that become "Light Ages". In that album there is also old material re-recorded, but the greatest part of it are songs like "Absalom" & "Talking Brought Me Here" that they composed already in the end of seventies and just not ever recorded. Although album production is not the best could have been, there really are those highlights. Also have to mention Jan Noponen was just the right drummer replace Österberg.

I believe when Wigwam made comeback very soon there were still hopes that international success would be possible to achieve, because it never happened in the seventies although the record deal in Virgin etc. So the songs chosen this single really are those new ones, that are made with some kind of commercial thought. All the way these both are perfectly arranged and also produced when thinking this kind of music. But very boring to me and really that part of Wigwam music, I have never cared much.

 Tramdriver / Wardance by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 1975
2.53 | 6 ratings

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Tramdriver / Wardance
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Mortte

5 stars Mostly I just don´t write reviews from the items reviewed before, but because this masterpiece single has just one review with one stars, I have to do this. I am a huge fan of Wigwam´s 1969-74 period, but have to say this single is some of the best parts in their 1975-78 period! Specially Tramdriver is very catchy, but really not just simple pop song. It´s two parts are quite complex and really it hasn´t got typical verse chorus structure. I believe this song would have been something Beatles had made, if they had been still active in -75. Also B-side Wardance is really a great piece with it´s funky mood. Both songs atmosphere is quite dark and differs of the basic feeling of Nuclear Nightclub-album. There was a lots of pressure from the Virgin company to Wigwam make a hit single, but I think both Pembroke and Rechardt just made songs they wanted. As a matter of fact Virgin didn´t see Wardance to be a good b-side, so they changed into UK release it as title song from the "Nuclear Nightclub". What I have noticed when making these single reviews of Wigwam, there seem to be mistakes into line-up informations, in this single there was already Pedro Hietanen in keyboards.

Anyway, to me this single is same kind of pop masterpiece as Beatles "Strawberry Field Forever/ Penny Lane"! Best Wigwam single together with Pedagogi/Häätö.

 Must Be The Devil / Greasy Kids' Stuff by WIGWAM album cover Singles/EPs/Fan Club/Promo, 1969
2.43 | 6 ratings

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Must Be The Devil / Greasy Kids' Stuff
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Matti
Prog Reviewer

2 stars 20-Year Chronological Run-Through pt. Seven: 1969.

Finland's most legendary prog band Wigwam was practically (but not directly) born from the ashes of a groundbreaking band called Blues Section, which featured the British vocalist Jim Pembroke and drummer Ronnie Österberg. In order to prevent Pembroke return to England, Otto Donner, the leader of Love Records, had offered him some office work. On the other side of the corridor was a recording studio. According to Pembroke,"the studio was often empty, so I used to play grand piano there and develop some ideas".

It was Österberg who founded Wigwam. When he, guitarist Nikke Nikamo and bassist Marts Hulden were searching for a vocalist, Ronnie put the Blues Section album on and that was settled. The debut single came out in March 1969. It was produced by guitarist Hasse Walli, another Blues Section member. Both songs were written by Pembroke.

'Must Be the Devil' is rather straightforward and psychedelically flavoured song which could have as well been by Blues Section. 'Greasy Kids' Stuff' is a naiive pop song about blowing soap bubbles. I'm not fond of either of them, to be frank. The real Wigwam was born the following summer when the young organist-vocalist Jukka Gustavson, at the time in a band called The Roosters, was persuaded to join in.

 Tombstone Valentine by WIGWAM album cover Studio Album, 1970
3.06 | 81 ratings

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Tombstone Valentine
Wigwam Jazz Rock/Fusion

Review by Matti
Prog Reviewer

3 stars Tombstone Valentine, the second studio album by the Finnish prog legend WIGWAM, was the first Finnish album ever to be released in the USA; the US release -- by Verve company -- was in fact a double vinyl featuring also tracks from Blues Section (the late 60's proto prog band whose members, such as British immigrant Jim Pembroke, continued shaping the Finnish prog scene in both Wigwam and Tasavallan Presidentti) and other artists of the Love Records label. The album itself was produced by the American producer Kim Fowley, whose steering of the band first resulted as the departure of the original guitarist Vladimir "Nikke" Nikamo. The original bassist Mats Huldén also left to continue his university studies. At this point, soon-to-be-legendary bassist and composer Pekka Pohjola joined the group, but the guitar parts were played by two non-members: Jukka Tolonen of Tasavallan Presidentti, and Heikki Laurila, probably the most active session musician in the country. The musically lighthearted title track, a satirical Jim Pembroke composition, features accordion of another guest musician.

The music on this album is in general much more straightforward than the debut album Hard 'N' Horny (1969), which contained a jazz-flavoured, Finnish-language first side written by organist and vocalist Jukka Gustavson, and a side-long 'Henry's...' suite written by Pembroke. The latter dominates here in the compositions. For some reason Fowley wanted to add a one-minute excerpt of the experimental electronic music piece recorded in 1968 by Erkki Kurenniemi, even though it had nothing whatsoever to do with Wigwam. Gustavson's 'In Gratitude' shows a strong influence of TRAFFIC. 'Frederick and Bill' is co-composed by Pembroke and Pohjola; preceding reviewers here have compared it to e.g. Cream and Gentle Giant, but it's not among my favourites.

I rather like the laid-back and swinging 'Wishful Thinker' which has a slight US West Coast feel. On the easy-going Fowley-Pembroke composition 'Autograph' Pekka Pohjola (who had a classical background as a musician) plays also violin, as he does in his own 2-minute instrumental piece, classically influenced '1936 Lost in the Snow'. 'Let the Whole World Ramble On' is another laid-back Pembroke song which is harmlessly nice and nothing more. Gustavson's instrumental 'For America' is the jazziest track of the album, and his deeply thoughtful and serene 'End' is IMHO the album's most beautiful piece featuring passionate singing and a warm, harmonic organ sound.

Especially Jukka Gustavson has later reflected this album without fondness: under the guidance of an American producer Wigwam weren't completely true to their own visions. It is also a bit peculiar that even though there's no guitarist in the band at this point, here there are relatively lot of guitars for an album of Wigwam's early era. The following, legendary prog albums Fairyport (1971) and Being (1974) are indeed artistically miles above the pop oriented lightness of Tombstone Valentine, which is admittedly uneven and slightly disjointed, but also charming in its own way. Friendly three stars.

Thanks to ProgLucky for the artist addition. and to Quinino for the last updates

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